ODD

Données migratoires pour les Objectifs de Développement Durable (ODD)

Dernière mise à jour le 20 Février 2024

Le Programme de développement durable à l’horizon 2030, reconnaît pour la première fois que la contribution de la migration au développement durable. La migration est une question transversale, pertinente pour tous les objectifs de développement durable (ODD) (voir ci-contre). 10 des 17 objectifs de développement durable comportent des cibles et indicateurs pertinents pour la migration ou la mobilité. Le principe fondamental du Programme 2030 de « ne laisser personne de côté », y compris les migrants, exige la ventilation des données par statut migratoire, ce qui accroît considérablement les besoins en matière de données migratoires mais qui constitue également une opportunité d’améliorer ces dernières.

Cliquez sur la roue des ODD pour explorer les indicateurs relatifs à la migration ainsi que les sources des données.

La migration dans les ODD

La principale référence à la migration dans les ODD est faite à la cible 10.7, « Faciliter la migration et la mobilité de façon ordonnée, sans danger, régulière et responsable, notamment par la mise en œuvre de politiques de migration planifiées et bien gérées », qui figure dans

l’objectif 10, « Réduire les inégalités dans les pays et d’un pays à l’autre ».

D’autres cibles font directement référence à la migration, notamment celles relatives à la traite des personnes, aux rapatriements de fonds et à la mobilité internationale des étudiants.

La migration est également une question transversale qui concerne chacun des 17 ODD et pour la plupart des 169 cibles du Programme 2030. Par conséquent, iI est important d’aller au-delà des références spécifiques à la migration, et de reconnaitre le lien synergique existant entre celle-ci et chacun des objectifs et cibles afin d’agir en conséquence.

La nécessité de disposer de données actualisées, fiables et comparables sur la migration 

Tout comme les objectifs du Millénaire pour le développement, le Programme 2030 comprend un mécanisme de suivi volontaire à plusieurs niveaux, permettant de suivre les progrès accomplis en ce qui concerne les ODD au cours des 15 prochaines années. Les ODD étant pris en charge par les pays, il incombe aux gouvernements nationaux de faire un rapport sur les ODD. Les évaluations nationales seront le pivot du suivi et de l’examen de la mise en œuvre des ODD ; avec des évaluations régionales, mondiales et thématiques menées en complément.

Afin de suivre les progrès accomplis dans la réalisation des ODD à l’échelle mondiale, le Groupe d'experts inter institutions sur les indicateurs relatifs aux objectifs de développement durable (Inter-agency Expert group on SDG Indicators, IAEG) a établi une liste de 232 indicateurs mondiaux, dont plusieurs sur la migration. Les gouvernements peuvent également, en complément de ce processus ou s’ils ne peuvent établir de rapports sur les indicateurs mondiaux, mettre au point des indicateurs supplétifs permettant de suivre les cibles séparément au niveau local ou national.

L’une des priorités des ODD est de promouvoir la ventilation des données pour mieux servir les intérêts de certains groupes vulnérables et veiller à ce que personne ne soit laissé de côté. À cette fin, la cible 17.18 demande expressément que les données soient ventilées par statut migratoire. Cela permettrait d’obtenir de meilleures données sur les différents aspects de la situation des migrants, de mieux comprendre leurs conditions de vie et de comprendre l’impact de la migration sur la santé, les revenus, l’éducation et d’autres domaines. Une meilleure désagrégation des données est également nécessaire si l’on veut intégrer la migration à d’autres secteurs de développement en tant que thème transversal.

Assurer le suivi et l’évaluation des objectifs est difficile et peut représenter une charge considérable pour les gouvernements, en particulier pour les offices nationaux de statistique. À la fin de 2017, aucune donnée n’existait pour deux tiers des 232 indicateurs des ODD fixés au niveau international[1]. En outre, les indicateurs de migration au niveau mondial sont relativement peu développés ; actuellement, aucun de ceux proposés par l’IAEG n’est de Catégorie 1 (c’est-à-dire qu’ils ne présentent pas de méthodologiese établies).

Par conséquent, les pays doivent améliorer leur capacité à produire des rapports pertinents sur la migration dans le contexte des objectifs de développement durable. Des mesures doivent être prises pour améliorer la production de données actualisées, fiables et comparables sur la migration afin d’aider les décideurs à élaborer des politiques et des plans d’actions fondés sur des données factuelles afin d’aborder les aspects des ODD relatifs à la migration. L’un des objectifs clés pour le renforcement des capacités en matière de données sur la migration vise également à accroître la ventilation de toutes les données selon les variables liées à la migration. Plusieurs pays recueillent déjà des quantités considérables de données sur la migration, mais ne disposent pas de mécanismes pour centraliser, ventiler et relier toutes les données recueillies par les différentes instances du Gouvernement. L’amélioration du partage des données au sein du Gouvernement et entre les pays permettra également de rendre les politiques plus cohérentes, condition essentielle à la réalisation des ODD.

Dans l’ensemble, il est nécessaire d’améliorer les données migratoires aux niveaux local, national, régional et international pour le suivi des ODD, et les gouvernements doivent s’employer à renforcer leurs capacités à cette fin. L’amélioration des données migratoires est essentielle à l’amélioration de la gouvernance des migrations, et le processus de mise en œuvre des ODD peut contribuer à démarrer les efforts en ce sens.

Travaux en cours visant à mesurer la migration dans les ODD

L’OIM et la Division de la population du Département des affaires économiques et sociales des Nations Unis (DAES) ont collaboré  à la mise au point d’une méthodologiee pour permettant de mesurer l’indicateur 10.7.2, « Nombre de pays avec des politiques visant à faciliter les migrations et la mobilité ordonnée, sûre, regulière et responsable». Cet indicateur est basé se fonde sur une évaluation des six domaines d’action politiques définis énoncés dans le Cadre de gouvernance des migrations, et a été accueilli par le Conseil de l’OIM en 2015. Il s’inspire également du travail effectué par l’OIM en collaboration avec l’Economist Intelligence Unit en vue d’élaborer des indicateurs de gouvernance des migrations.

Ces derniers peuvent également être utilisés pour les ODD. Ils ont recours à 90 questions qualitatives pour mesurer les résultats dans cinq domaines, issus du Cadre de gouvernance des migrations. Il s’agit d’un outil d’analyse des lacunes qui ne vise pas à n’a pas pour objectif de classer les pays en fonction de leur politique migratoire, mais vise plutôt à leur offrir des indications sur les leviers politiques susceptibles d’améliorer leur la gouvernance des migrations et de les aider à recenserainsi qu’ à identifier les meilleurs pratiques exemplaires pour les programmes à venir. Les gouvernements peuvent également utiliser les résultats de cette évaluation pour rendre compte de des leurs progrès accomplis dans la réalisation de la cible 10.7 et a d’autres objectifs relatifs à la migration. 

____________________________
[1] OCDE, Coopération pour le développement 2017 : données et développement, OCDE, Paris, 2017.
Gervais Appave and Neha Sinha (eds) 
2017 Migration in the 2030 Agenda. Geneva: International Organization for Migration 
International Labour Organization (ILO)
2013 Mainstreaming of Migration in Development Policy and Integrating Migration in the Post-2015 UN Development Agenda. Background Note: The Contribution of Labour Migration to Improved Development Outcomes. Geneva: International Labour Office
International Organization for Migration (IOM)
2018  Migration and the 2030 Agenda: A guide for practitioners. IOM, Geneva. 
2016a  Contributions to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. IOM, Geneva. 
2016b Measuring well-governed Migration: The 2016 Migration Governance Index, A Study by the Economist Intelligence Unit. IOM, Geneva and Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU).
2017a Follow up and Review of Migration in the Sustainable Development Goals. No. 26. International Dialogue on Migration (IDM). IOM, Geneva.
2017b Women Migrants in the SDGs. IOM, Geneva.
2017c Migrants & Cities in the SDG Agenda. IOM, Geneva.
Lönnback, L.
2014 Integrating migration into the post-2015 United Nations Development Agenda. Bangkok and Washington, DC: International Organization for Migration and Migration Policy Institute. 
Overseas Development Institute (ODI)
2017 Migration and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: A Briefing Series
Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC)
2014 Swiss Working Paper on Migration in the Post-2015 Agenda. SDC, Bern. 
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE)
2017 Extract of the Conference of European Statisticians’ Road Map on Statistics for Sustainable Development Goals. Note by the Steering Group on Statistics for SDGs
United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) 
2015 A/RES/70/1 Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 25 September 2015.
United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD)
2017a  ESA/STAT/AC.339/1 Improving migration data in the context of the 2030 Agenda
2017b  United Nations Expert Group Meeting Improving Migration Data in the Context of the 2030 Agenda New York Headquarters, 20-22 June 2017 Recommendations.

ODD 1 : PAS DE PAUVRETÉ

Dernière mise à jour le 20 Novembre 2023

Eliminer la pauvreté sous toutes ses formes et partout dans le monde.

What do we know?

 

Migration-relevant SDG targets and indicators:

All indicators are classified by the IAEG-SDGs into three tiers based on their level of methodological development and the availability of data at global level, as outlined here:

 

Target 1.1: Eradicate extreme poverty

 

     Indicator: 1.1.1 - Proportion of population below the international poverty line, by sex, age, employment status and geographical location (urban/rural)

Migration relevance:

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Integrating the rights and interests of migrant groups, including asylum seekers, refugees and IDPs, in local and national poverty reduction policies and programming.
  • Recognizing and promoting linkages between migration and poverty reduction for migrants and families, for example through impacts on income, health and education, including through remittances, skills and knowledge transfer and more; addressing barriers that limit these impacts such as poor working conditions for migrant workers and high remittance transfer costs.

Data sources:

  • The indicator can be disaggregated for migrants versus non-migrants, or population living in migrant households versus population living in non-migrant households.
  • Data can be collected through household surveys that include questions on migratory status, e.g. MICS and DHS.

Custodian agency: World Bank

Existing, relevant, disaggregated datasets:

Country/area Dataset Indicator Last updated Dataset Link Migration Disaggregation
Viet Nam Percent distribution of population age 15-49 years by sex, migratory status and years since last migration, and percent distribution of population who migrated, by sex, type and place of last residence
and wealth index quintile
2020-2021 MICS, UNICEF By migratory status
Malawi Percent distribution of population age 15-49 years by sex, migratory status and years since last migration, and percent distribution of population who migrated, by sex, type and place of last residence
and wealth index quintile
2019-2020 MICS, UNICEF By migratory status
Australia Rates of poverty by country of birth (Australia, major English-speaking country, other country) 2019 Australian Council of Social Service By country of birth (Australia, major English-speaking country, other country)
United States of America People at risk of poverty by nativity (Native born and foreign born - naturalized citizen, not citizen) 2021 US census Native born and foreign born - naturalized citizen, not citizen
Europe People at risk of poverty or social exclusion by broad group of citizenship (population aged 18 or over) 2021 EUROSTAT By citizenship grouping

If you know of additional data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 1.2: Reduce poverty by at least 50%

     Indicator: 1.2.1 - Proportion of population living below the national poverty line, by sex and age 

Migration relevance: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Integrating the rights and interests of migrant groups, including asylum seekers, refugees and IDPs, in local and national poverty reduction policies and programming. 
  • Recognizing and promoting linkages between migration and poverty reduction for migrants and families, for example through impacts on income, health and education, including through remittances, skills and knowledge transfer and more; addressing barriers that limit these impacts such as poor working conditions for migrant workers and high remittance transfer costs.

Data sources: 

  • While different approaches may be used in different countries to calculate the rate, this is usually based on household surveys as for 1.1.1.

Custodian agency: World Bank

Existing, relevant, disaggregated datasets:

Country/Area Dataset Indicator Last updated Dataset Link Migration disaggregation
Fiji Percent distribution of population age 15-49 years by sex, migratory status and years since last migration, and percent distribution of population who migrated, by sex, by type and place of last residence, and wealth index quintile 2021 MICS, UNICEF By migratory status
Nigeria Percent distribution of population age 15-49 years by sex, migratory status and years since last migration, and percent distribution of population who migrated, by sex, by type and place of last residence, and wealth index quintile 2021 MICS, UNICEF By migratory status
Kosovo1 Percent distribution of population age 15-49 years by sex, migratory status and years since last migration, and percent distribution of population who migrated, by sex, by type and place of last residence, and wealth index quintile 2019-2020 MICS, UNICEF By migratory status
Switzerland Poverty rate, by migration status, various socio-demographic characteristics and major regions 2021 Federal Statistical Office By migration status
OECD and EU Relative poverty rates, 16-year-olds and above 2020 OECD and EU

Foreign born, Native born

If you know of additional data we should include here, please contact the team.
 

     Indicator: 1.2.2 - Proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions

Migration relevance: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Integrating the rights and interests of migrant groups, including asylum seekers, refugees and IDPs, in local and national poverty reduction policies and programming. 
  • Recognizing and promoting linkages between migration and poverty reduction for migrants and families, for example through impacts on income, health and education, including through remittances, skills and knowledge transfer and more; addressing barriers that limit these impacts such as poor working conditions for migrant workers and high remittance transfer costs.

Data sources:

  • Methodologies vary though estimates are usually derived from household survey data

Custodian agency: National gov.

If you know of additional data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 1.3: Implement social protection systems

      Indicator: 1.3.1 - Proportion of population covered by social protection floors/systems, by sex, distinguishing children, unemployed persons, older persons, persons with disabilities, pregnant women, newborns, work-injury victims and the poor and the vulnerable.
 

Migration relevance and rationale:

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Social protection floors are nationally defined sets of basic social security guarantees that should ensure, as a minimum, that over the life cycle, all those in need have access to essential health care and basic income security which together secure effective access to goods and services defined as necessary at the national level (ILO social protection floors recommendation #202).

Custodian agency: ILO

Data sources:

  • The ILO collects data on: (1) people covered by social protection floors/total population; (2) unemployed receiving unemployment benefit/total unemployment (3) employed women covered by maternity benefits/total female employment (4) people above the statutory pensionable age receiving an old-age pension/ people above the statutory pensionable age.
  • It is possible to use household survey data, administrative records can also be used, including registration/membership of relevant schemes and tax or social security agency records and claims from national ministries of labour, social security, and other areas of government. If possible, information on eligibility, coverage and access to social protection in both destination and origin countries should be collected. Migrants may enjoy portability of benefits from origin countries, so if possible, data should be collected on whether migrants are claiming any benefits offered by origin-country governments for citizens abroad.

If you know of additional data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 1.4: Equal rights to ownership, basic services, technology and economic resources

      Indicator: 1.4.1 Proportion of population living in households with access to basic services

Migration relevance:

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Addressing inequalities in basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, to uphold human rights of migrants, ensure migrants can contribute to social and economic development in host communities, and to address these insofar as they can be potential drivers of migration. Increasing access to economic resources, basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property for migrants. Strengthening mechanisms by which migration can increase rights and access to economic resources, basic services and land/property ownership and control to families and communities.

Custodian agency: UN-Habitat

Data sources:

  • Possible data sources include household surveys (e.g. DHS, MICS and Living Standards Measurement Study (LSMS)) and IPUMS-International census microdata. 

If you know of additional data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 1.5: Built resilience to environmental, economic and social disasters

      Indicator: 1.5.1 - Number of deaths, missing persons and directly affected persons attributed to disasters per 100,000 population

Migration relevance and rationale:

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Addressing how climate-related events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters forcibly displace people.
  • Integrating migration and migrants in disaster risk reduction and management, post-disaster response and other humanitarian responses.
  • Strengthening adaptation strategies and other mechanisms by which people can protect themselves from extreme events which may cause displacement; recognizing migration as an adaptation strategy

Custodian agency: UNDRR

Data sources: 

  • National disaster databases, civil registration and vital statistics systems.
  • Some data on migrants affected by disaster is available via forced displacement data insofar as they were forced to migrate.

If you know of additional data we should include here, please contact the team.

 

Target 1.A: Mobilize resources to implement policies to end poverty

      Indicator: 1.a.1 - Total official development assistance grants from all donors that focus on poverty reduction as a share of the recipient country’s gross national income

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Promoting responsible and fair use of remittances, diaspora investment and other forms of migration-related financial flows to assist development and poverty eradication interventions.

Custodian agency: OECD

Data sources: tbc - If you know of additional data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 1.B: Create Pro-poor and gender-sensitive policy frameworks

      Indicator: 1.b.1 - Pro-poor public social spending

 

Migration relevance and rationale:

  • Local, national, regional and international policy frameworks recognizing migration’s role in development and poverty eradication; mainstreaming migration into local or national development plans.

Custodian agency: UNICEF

Data sources: tbc - If you know of additional data we should include here, please contact the team.

 

Sources: 

Mosler Vidal, E., 2021. Leave No Migrant Behind: The 2030 Agenda and Data Disaggregation. International Organization for Migration (IOM), Geneva.

IOM, 2018. Migration and the 2030 Agenda: Comprehensive SDG Target and Migration Correlation. International Organization for Migration (IOM), Geneva. 

United Nations Statistics Division, Improving migration data in the context of the 2030 Agenda, 15 June 2017

The Global Goals: Resources

 

Tiers updated according to:

2023, United Nations Statistical Commission, Inter-agency Expert Group on SDG Indicators Tier Classification for SDG indicators (as of 31 March 2023)

  • 11 References to Kosovo shall be understood to be in the context of United Nations Security Council resolution 1244 (1999)

ODD 2 : FAIM « ZÉRO »

Dernière mise à jour le 26 Octobre 2023

Éliminer la faim, assurer la sécurité alimentaire, améliorer la nutrition et promouvoir une agriculture durable.

What do we know?

 

Migration-relevant SDG targets and indicators:

All indicators are classified by the IAEG-SDGs into three tiers                 based on their level of methodological development and the availability of data at global level, as outlined here:

Target 2.1 Universal access to safe and nutritious food

     Indicator 2.1.1 Prevalence of undernourishment

 

Migration relevance and rationale: tbc

Data sources: 

  • Household surveys are the most common sources for undernourishment data (e.g. DHS, MICS and LSMS). 

If you know of additional data we should include here, please contact the team.

 

     Indicator 2.1.2 Prevalence of moderate or severe food insecurity in the population, based on the Food Insecurity Experience Scale

Migration relevance and rationale: tbc

Data sources: 

  • Data is usually from experience-based food security scale questionnaires used in household surveys. 

If you know of additional data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 2.2 End all forms of malnutrition

     Indicator 2.2.1 Prevalence of stunting (height for age < -2 standard deviation from the median of the World Health Organization (WHO) Child Growth Standards) among children under 5 years of age.

 

Migration relevance and rationale: tbc

Data sources: 

  • Most anthropometric data come from household surveys.
  • Note: Wasting is an acute condition that can change frequently and very rapidly. This makes reliable data collection on this over time difficult, as data can only ever record a snapshot in time. This may be especially relevant when collecting data on forcibly displaced or certain hard-to-reach populations.

If you know of additional data we should include here, please contact the team.

 

     Indicator 2.2.2 Prevalence of malnutrition (weight for height > +2 or < -2 standard deviation from the median of the WHO Child Growth Standards) among children under 5 years of age, by type (wasting and overweight)

 

Migration relevance and rationale: tbc

Data sources:

  • Data is based on household surveys.

If you know of additional data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 2.3 Double the productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers

     Indicator 2.3.2 Average income of small-scale food producers, by sex and indigenous status

 

Migration relevance and rationale:

  • Increasing income and productivity of small scale food producers, insofar as they can be potential drivers of migration 

Data sources: 

  • Possible data sources include household surveys and IPUMS-International census microdata insofar as they capture relevant data on food producers.
  • Note: Target 2.3 requires a specific focus on indigenous peoples, and relevant disaggregation is recommended.

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team. 

Target 2.4 Sustainable food production and resilient agricultural practices

Migration relevance and rationale: See Food security and human mobility.

Data sources: tbc

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

 

Sources: 

Mosler Vidal, E., 2021. Leave No Migrant Behind: The 2030 Agenda and Data Disaggregation. International Organization for Migration (IOM), Geneva.

IOM, 2018. Migration and the 2030 Agenda: Comprehensive SDG Target and Migration Correlation. International Organization for Migration (IOM), Geneva. 

United Nations Statistics Division, Improving migration data in the context of the 2030 Agenda, 15 June 2017

The Global Goals: Resources

 

Tiers updated according to:

2023, United Nations Statistical Commission, Inter-agency Expert Group on SDG Indicators Tier Classification for SDG indicators (as of 31 March 2023)

ODD 3 : BONNE SANTÉ ET BIEN-ÊTRE

Dernière mise à jour le 26 Octobre 2023

Permettre à tous de vivre en bonne santé et promouvoir le bien-être de tous à tout âge

 

 

What do we know?

Cibles et indicateurs des ODD qui concernent la migration : 

All indicators are classified by the IAEG-SDGs into three tiers based on their level of methodological development and the availability of data at global level, as outlined here:

Target 3.1: Reduce maternal mortality

     Indicator: 3.1.1 - Maternal mortality ratio

 

Migration relevance:

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status. 
  • Addressing the vulnerability of migrant mothers and pregnant migrants in all countries and communities, including in refugee camps, makeshift settlements and IDP settlements, to increase access maternal health-care services (obstetric, antenatal and postnatal care) and decrease maternal mortality and morbidity. Migrants tend to have higher maternal mortality due to lack of access to proper maternal and child care. This is an outcome variable measuring migrants' access to health services. 

Custodian agency: WHO

Data sources:  

  • Most data are collected through vital registration systems, which may already collect information on country of birth/citizenship of the deceased. Alternatively, IPUMS International census microdata or administrative records can be used. Household surveys may also be used, such as MICS.
  • Note: as maternal mortality is relatively rare, large sample sizes would be needed to make these nationally representative if disaggregated by migratory status. It may be challenging to record migrant maternal mortality on migratory routes or for newly arrived migrants, as this requires strong continuity of health care. 

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

 

     Indicator: 3.1.2 - Proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel

 

Migration relevance: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Addressing the vulnerability of migrant mothers and pregnant migrants in all countries and communities, including in refugee camps, makeshift settlements and IDP settlements, to increase access maternal health-care services (obstetric, antenatal and postnatal care) and decrease maternal mortality and morbidity.

Data sources: 

  • Common data sources include household surveys such as DHS, MICS or reproductive health surveys (RHS).

Custodian agency: UNICEF, WHO

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 3.2: End all preventable deaths under 5 years of age

      Indicator: 3.2.1 - Under-five mortality rate

 

Migration relevance:

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Addressing the vulnerability of migrant newborns and children under 5 years of age in all countries, including in refugee camps, makeshift settlements and IDP settlements, to increase their access to health-care services and decrease mortality and morbidity. This SDG Indicator can reflect to what extent migrants have access to health services.

Data sources:

  • Mainly derived from civil registration, where death registrations should record information on migratory status of the mother and child. Data from censuses (including IPUMS-International microdata) and household surveys may also be used.

Custodian agency: UNICEF

Existing, relevant, disaggregated data sources: 

Country/Area Dataset indicator Last updated Link to dataset Migration disaggregation
Qatar Infant mortality rate by nationality and gender (2008-2018) 2018 Planning and Statistics Authority of Qatar By nationality

 

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

      Indicator: 3.2.2 - Neonatal mortality rate

 

Migration relevance:

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Addressing the vulnerability of migrant newborns in all countries, including in refugee camps, makeshift settlements and IDP settlements, to increase their access to health-care services and decrease mortality and morbidity.
  • This SDG Indicator can reflect to what extent migrants have access to health services. 

Custodian agency: WHO

Data sources:

  • Data is mainly derived from civil registration, where death registrations should record information on migratory status of the mother and child.
  • Data from censuses (including IPUMS-International microdata) and household surveys may also be used.

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 3.3: Fight communicable diseases

     Indicator: 3.3.1 - Number of new HIV infections per 1,000 uninfected population, by sex, age and key populations 

 

Migration relevance and rationale:

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • This indicator reflects how migrants have access to HIV treatment and antiretroviral therapy (ART), can address epidemiological vulnerability of migrants in all countries and their settlements, and integrate the health needs of migrants in health policy and programming for HIV.

​​​​​​Custodian agency: WHO

Data sources: 

  • Common data sources include household or other surveys with HIV incidence testing (including at focused antenatal clinics (FANC) where expectant mothers are tested) and countries’ regular surveillance systems among key populations if they have them, including a range of health-related administrative records.
  • Note: As new infection rates can be low in some countries, large sample sizes would be needed for surveys to be nationally representative if disaggregated by migratory status.

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

 

     Indicator: 3.3.2 - Tuberculosis incidence per 1,000 population 

 

Migration relevance:

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • This indicator reflects how migrants have access to healthcare services, and can address epidemiological vulnerability of migrants in all countries and their settlements, and integrate the health needs of migrants in health policy and programming for tuberculosis.

​​​​​Custodian agency: WHO

Data sources:

  • Possible data sources include countries’ surveillance systems or other ways to show annual case notifications, surveys of tuberculosis prevalence, or death (vital) registration systems.
  • Note: few national disease control programmes such as those on tuberculosis capture data by migratory status. Countries that have reached elimination phases and with cross-border regions with high disease burden are more likely to have regular data capture; however, these are ad hoc and not always integrated into the HMIS (WHO, 2017). As incidence can be low in some countries, large sample sizes would be needed for surveys to be nationally representative if disaggregated by migratory status.

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

 

     Indicator: 3.3.3 - Malaria incidence per 1,000 population 

 

Migration relevance and rationale:

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • This indicator reflects how migrants have access to healthcare services, and can address epidemiological vulnerability of migrants in all countries and their settlements, and integrate the health needs of migrants in health policy and programming for malaria.

Custodian agency: WHO

Data sources:

  • Common data sources include countries’ surveillance systems or other ways to show numbers of positive, suspected and/or tested cases.
  • Surveys such as DHS or the Malaria Indicator Survey (MIS) can also be used.
  • Note: As incidence can be low in some countries, large sample sizes would be needed for surveys to be nationally representative if disaggregated by migratory status.

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

 

     Indicator: 3.3.4 - Hepatitis B incidence per 100,000 population

 

Migration relevance and rationale:

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • This indicator reflects how migrants have access to healthcare services, and can address epidemiological vulnerability of migrants in all countries and their settlements, and integrate the health needs of migrants in health policy and programming to combat hepatitis.

Data sources:

  • Common data sources include countries’ surveillance systems or other ways to calculate country estimates – for example, from serosurveys. 
  • Surveys such as DHS or the Malaria Indicator Survey (MIS) can also be used.
  • Note: As incidence can be low in some countries, large sample sizes would be needed for surveys to be nationally representative if disaggregated by migratory status.

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

 

     Indicator: 3.3.5 - Number of people requiring interventions against neglected tropical diseases (NTDs)

 

Migration relevance and rationale:

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • This indicator reflects how migrants have access to healthcare services, and can address epidemiological vulnerability of migrants in all countries and their settlements, and integrate the health needs of migrants in health policy and programming for NTDs.

Custodian agency: WHO

Data sources: 

  • Possible data sources include any managed by national NTD programmes within ministries of health, including the number of people requiring treatment and care for NTDs as measured by existing country systems.

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 3.4 Reduce mortality from non-communicable diseases and promote mental health

      Indicator: 3.4.1 Mortality rate attributed to cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes or chronic respiratory disease

 

Migration relevance and rationale:

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Addressing vulnerability of migrants regarding non-communicable diseases, in all countries, including in refugee camps, makeshift settlements and IDP settlements, to increase their access to continuous health-care services, including for pre-existing chronic diseases, and decrease related mortality and premature mortality.
  • Integrating the health needs of migrants in health policy and programming on all non-communicable diseases.

Custodian agency: WHO

Data sources: Civil registration systems, some household surveys with verbal autopsy, along with sample or sentinel registration systems.

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

 

      Indicator: 3.4.2 - Suicide mortality rate 

 

Migration relevance and rationale:

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Addressing vulnerability of migrants regarding non-communicable diseases, in all countries, including in refugee camps, makeshift settlements and IDP settlements, to increase their access to continuous health-care services. Integrating the health needs of migrants in health policy and programming on all non-communicable diseases.

Data sources:

  • Civil registration systems, some household surveys with verbal autopsy, along with sample or sentinel registration systems.

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 3.5: Prevent and treat substance abuse

     3.5.1 - Coverage of treatment interventions (pharmacological, psychosocial, and rehabilitation and aftercare services) for substance-use disorders 

 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Access to health services for preventive measures. Addressing substance abuse of all migrants, which may be higher for certain vulnerable migrant groups, such as victims of trafficking. Integrating the needs of migrants in health policy and programming on substance abuse.

Custodian agency: WHO, UNODC

Data sources: 

  • Possible data sources include household surveys (including specialized surveys that use respondent-driven sampling or related methods) or administrative records such as treatment registries.

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

      3.5.2 - Harmful use of alcohol, defined according to the national context as alcohol per capita consumption (aged 15 years and older) within a calendar year in litres of pure alcohol 
 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Access to health services for preventive measures. Addressing substance abuse of all migrants, which may be higher for certain vulnerable migrant groups, such as victims of trafficking. Integrating the needs of migrants in health policy and programming on substance abuse.

Custodian agency: WHO

Data sources: 

  • Possible data sources include household surveys (including specialized surveys that use respondent-driven sampling or related methods) or administrative records such as treatment registries.

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 3.7: Universal access to sexual and reproductive care, family planning and education

     3.7.1 - Proportion of women of reproductive age (aged 15–49 years) who have their need for family planning satisfied with modern methods

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Addressing vulnerability of migrants regarding sexual and reproductive health, in all countries, including in refugee camps, makeshift settlements and IDP settlements, to increase their access to related health-care services. Universal access is only achievable if migrants are included.
  • Promoting sexual and reproductive health and family planning, information and education for female migrants at all stages of the migration cycle.
  • Integrating the sexual and reproductive health needs of migrants in local or national health policy and programming.

Custodian agency: DESA Population Division

Data sources: 

  • Possible data sources include household surveys (including national data from crosscountry surveys such as contraceptive prevalence surveys (CPSs), RHSs and others) and IPUMS-International microdata.

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

 

     3.7.2 - Adolescent birth rate (among women aged 10 to 14 years and aged 15 to 19 years) per 1,000 women in that age group

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Addressing vulnerability of migrants regarding sexual and reproductive health, in all countries, including in refugee camps, makeshift settlements and IDP settlements, to increase their access to related health-care services.
  • Universal access is only achievable if migrants are included.
  • Promoting sexual and reproductive health and family planning, information and education for female migrants at all stages of the migration cycle.
  • Integrating the sexual and reproductive health needs of migrants in local or national health policy and programming.

Custodian agency: DESA Population Division

Data sources: 

  • Possible data sources include household surveys (including national data from crosscountry surveys such as contraceptive prevalence surveys (CPSs), RHSs and others) and IPUMS-International microdata.

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 3.8: Achieve universal health coverage 

     Indicator: 3.8.1 - Coverage of essential health services (defined as the average coverage of essential services based on tracer interventions that include reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health, infectious diseases, non- communicable diseases and service capacity and access, among the general and the most disadvantaged population)
 

Migration relevance and rationale:

  • While international migration is intimately related to legal and sociological notions of nationality and sovereignty, the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR) has articulated that nationality must not be used as a ground for discrimination in relation to health care and other rights in the Covenant. The rights of irregular migrants are specifically mentioned.

Custodian agency: WHO

Data sources: 

  • Data sources include household surveys (e.g. MICS or DHS) and administrative records. 
  • Note that as administrative records capture only those receiving a service and not all those in need of it, proportionally fewer migrants may be covered when using this data.

Existing, relevant, disaggregated datasets:

Country/Area Dataset Indicator Last updated Dataset link Migration disaggregation
138 countries surveyed % of countries with essential and/or emergency healthcare by migration status 2021 UNDESA

"Yes, regardless of immigration status";
"'Only for those with legal immigration status";
"No"

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

     Indicator: 3.8.2 - Proportion of population with large household expenditures on health as a share of total household expenditure or income

 

Migration relevance and rationale:

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • While international migration is intimately related to legal and sociological notions of nationality and sovereignty, the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR) has articulated that nationality must not be used as a ground for discrimination in relation to health care and other rights in the Covenant. The rights of irregular migrants are specifically mentioned.

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Custodian agency: WHO, World Bank

Data sources:

  • Household survey data and expenditure surveys (as with indicators 1.1.1 and 1.2.1). 
  • Note: As for poverty consumption-based measures, special considerations may be needed when assessing higher or lower health expenditures in migrant households to understand how far these reflect higher or lower health needs and access.

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 3.9: Reduce illnesses and death from hazardous chemicals and pollution

      Indicator 3.9.1 - Mortality rate attributed to household and ambient air pollution

 

Migration relevance and rationale: tbc

​​​​​​​Custodian agency: WHO

Data sources:

  • Civil registration and various others to calculate exposure data, as well as census data and household surveys.

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

 

      Indicator 3.9.2 - Mortality rate attributed to unsafe water, unsafe sanitation and lack of hygiene (exposure to unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) for all services 

 

Migration relevance and rationale: tbc

​​​​​​​Custodian agency: WHO

Data sources:

  • Civil registration and various others on WASH services and practices, commonly from surveys. 

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

 

      Indicator 3.9.3 - Mortality rate attributed to unintentional poisoning

 

Migration relevance and rationale: tbc

​​​​​​​Custodian agency: WHO

Data sources:

  • Civil registration, household surveys, special studies and countries' surveillance systems.

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team

Target 3.b: Support research, development and universal access to affordable vaccines and medicines

      Indicator 3.b.1 - Proportion of the SDG Target population covered by all vaccines included in their national programme
 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Ensuring that migrants and IDPs, along with the host communities, are included in the target population of all vaccines included in the national programme, to ensure herd immunity. Ensuring access to essential medicines among migrants, to achieve universal health coverage.

​​​​​​​Custodian agency: WHO

Data sources:

  • National immunization systems or registries, household surveys.
  • Note: It is challenging to monitor “full vaccination coverage” given the variations in vaccination schedules across countries; this and any lack of continuity of migrant health care can make it especially difficult to include migrants in national coverage estimates.

Existing, relevant, disaggregated datasets:

Country/Area Dataset indicator Last updated Dataset link Migration disaggregation
180 countries Migrant inclusion in covid-19 vaccination deployment: Plan versus practice; by region 2022 IOM Migrants

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team

Target 3.c: Increase health financing and support health workforce in developing countries

      Indicator 3.c.1 - Health worker density and distribution

 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Increasing health financing to support migrant health needs and migrant health insurance coverage. Strengthening adherence and recognition of the WHO ‘Code of Global Practice’ in the context of the migration of health-care workers.
  • Encouraging programmes supporting the transfer of medical professional skills from diaspora to medical staff in communities and countries of origin.

​​​​​​​Custodian agency: WHO

Data sources:

  • National Health Workforce Accounts (NHWA) data platform, censuses, LFSs and any national administrative sources.

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team

3.D: Improve early warning systems for global health risks

      Indicator 3.d.1 - International Health Regulations (IHR) capacity and health emergency preparedness

Migration relevance and rationale:

  • Understanding migration and mobility to better prevent, detect and respond to disease outbreaks.
  • Recognizing migrants and migration in disease prevention and health emergency preparedness efforts, including in the context of disasters. Integrating migrants and IDPs into early warning systems.

​​​​​​​Custodian agency: WHO

Data sources: n/a - if you know of data we should include here, please contact the team

Sources:

Mosler Vidal, E. and F. Laczko, 2022. Migration and the SDGs: Measuring Progress – An Edited Volume. International Organization for Migration (IOM), Geneva.

Mosler Vidal, E., 2021. Leave No Migrant Behind: The 2030 Agenda and Data Disaggregation. International Organization for Migration (IOM), Geneva.

IOM, 2018. Migration and the 2030 Agenda: Comprehensive SDG Target and Migration Correlation. International Organization for Migration (IOM), Geneva. 

United Nations Statistics Division, Improving migration data in the context of the 2030 Agenda, 15 June 2017

The Global Goals: Resources

 

Tiers updated according to:

2023, United Nations Statistical Commission, Inter-agency Expert Group on SDG Indicators Tier Classification for SDG indicators (as of 31 March 2023)

ODD 4 : ÉDUCATION DE QUALITÉ

Dernière mise à jour le 26 Octobre 2023

Assurer l’accès de tous à une éducation de qualité, sur un pied d’égalité, et promouvoir les possibilités d’apprentissage tout au long de la vie

What do we know?

 

Migration-relevant SDG targets and indicators:

All indicators are classified by the IAEG-SDGs into three tiers based on their level of methodological development and the availability of data at global level, as outlined here:

Target 4.1: Free primary and secondary education

      Indicator: 4.1.1 - Proportion of children and young people:  (a) in grades 2/3; (b) at the end of primary; and (c) at the end of lower secondary achieving at least a minimum proficiency level in (i) reading and (ii) mathematics, by sex
 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • This is a global indicator which addresses most closely the fundamental right to education, promoting access to and improving quality of primary and secondary education for all migrant children at all stages of the migration cycle.

Custodian agency: UNESCO-UIS

Data sources: 

  • Various cross-national learning assessments including PASEC, PIRLS, PISA, SACMEQ, TERCE and TIMSS.
  • Household surveys, in-school and population-based learning assessments, and IPUMS-International census microdata.
  • Note: Learning assessments are typically carried out in school systems, meaning only children and young people already in school are included. This may not be relevant if the aim is to collect data on more vulnerable migrant subgroups who may be outside of education systems.

Existing, relevant, disaggregated datasets:

Country/Area Dataset indicator Last updated Dataset link Migration disaggregation
Lebanon of all residents (aged 3 years and above) according to attained education level and nationality 2018 Central Administration of Statistics Nationality
Kenya Immigrants by educational attainment (pre-primary, primary, secondary, tertiary, university, none, and others) and sex 2009 Kenya National Bureau of Statistics Immigrants
Rwanda Distribution (%) of different nationalities aged 5 and above by highest level of education attained 2012 National Institute of Statistics of Rwanda Nationality
Samoa Percent distribution of population age 15-49 years by sex, migratory status and years since last migration, and percent distribution of people who migrated, by sex, by type and place of last residence By education (primary; secondary; higher)
 
2021 MICS, UNICEF Migratory status
European Union Education attainment level (ISCED11) distribution by sex, age, migration status and education attainment lebel of parents (ISCED11F) 2019; most recent data 2014 Eurostat Migration status

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

      Indicator 4.1.2 - Completion rate (primary education, lower secondary education, upper secondary education)

 

Migration relevance: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • This is a global indicator which addresses most closely the fundamental right to education, promoting access to and improving quality of primary and secondary education for all migrant children at all stages of the migration cycle. 
  • Strengthening linkages between secondary education and vocational or technical skills and training opportunities with a view to facilitate access to labour markets and decent work.

Custodian agency: UNESCO-UIS

Data sources: 

  • Various cross-national learning assessments including PASEC, PIRLS, PISA, SACMEQ, TERCE and TIMSS. Household surveys, in-school and population-based learning assessments, and IPUMS-International census microdata.
  • Note: Learning assessments are typically carried out in school systems, meaning only children and young people already in school are included. This may not be relevant if the aim is to collect data on more vulnerable migrant subgroups who may be outside of education systems.

Existing, relevant, disaggregated datasets:

Country/Area Dataset indicator Last updated Dataset link Migration disaggregation
Lebanon of all residents (aged 3 years and above) according to attained education level and nationality 2018 Central Administration of Statistics Nationality
Kenya Immigrants by educational attainment (pre-primary, primary, secondary, tertiary, university, none, and others) and sex 2009 Kenya National Bureau of Statistics Immigrants
Rwanda Distribution (%) of different nationalities aged 5 and above by highest level of education attained 2012 National Institute of Statistics of Rwanda Nationality
Samoa Percent distribution of population age 15-49 years by sex, migratory status and years since last migration, and percent distribution of people who migrated, by sex, by type and place of last residence By education (primary; secondary; higher) 2021 MICS, UNICEF Migratory status
European Union Education attainment level (ISCED11) distribution by sex, age, migration status and education attainment lebel of parents (ISCED11F) 2019; most recent data 2014 Eurostat Migration status

If you know of additional data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 4.2: Equal access to quality pre-primary education

      Indicator: 4.2.1 - Proportion of children aged 24–59 months who are developmentally on track in health, learning and psychosocial wellbeing, by sex

 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Promoting access to and improving quality of early childhood development, care and pre-primary education for  all migrant children at all stages of the migration cycle.

Custodian agency: UNICEF

Data sources: 

  • Data sources include household surveys (e.g. MICS or DHS) or various administrative records.

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

      Indicator: 4.2.2 - Participation rate in organized learning (one year before the official primary entry age), by sex

 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Promoting access to and improving quality of early childhood development, care and pre-primary education for  all migrant children at all stages of the migration cycle.

Custodian agency: UNESCO-UIS

Data sources: 

  • Data sources include administrative records from pre-primary institutions, schools and other centres of organized learning, household surveys, or censuses.

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 4.3: Equal access to affordable, technical, vocational and higher education

     Indicator: 4.3.1 - Participation rate of youth and adults in formal and non-formal education and training in the previous 12 months, by sex

 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Access to education: Whether school-age migrants are in school as others, and whether migrants are in informal training provided by government. 
  • Strengthening linkages between tertiary education, technical, vocational skills and training opportunities and labour markets.
  • Improving qualification and learning attainment recognition procedures across countries to facilitate migrants’ access to further study and employment, to ensure if school-age migrants are in school as others, and if migrants are in informal training provided by government. 

Custodian agency: UNESCO-UIS

Data sources:

  • Administrative data from schools and other centres of education and training, household surveys and censuses.

Existing, relevant, disaggregated datasets:

Country/area Dataset indicator Last updated Dataset link Migration disaggregation
OECD Participation in adult education and training
15-64 year-olds outside the regular education system, 2020
(foreign-born; native-born)
2020 OECD Foreign-born; native-born

If you know of additional data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 4.4: Increase the number people with relevant skills for financial success

     Indicator: 4.4.1 - Proportion of youth and adults with information and communications technology (ICT) skills, by type of skill

 

Migration relevance and rationale: Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.

Improving skills and training for migrants to increase their access to decent work. Improving local and national linkages between education and skills provision and labour markets, to address any discrepancies such as labour shortages for particular skill profiles or large emigration of a certain skill set.

Custodian agency: UNESCO-UIS

Data sources: Household surveys.

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 4.5: Eliminate all discrimination in education

          [depending on indice] Indicator: 4.5.1 - Parity indices (female/male, rural/urban, bottom/top wealth quintile and others such as disability status, indigenous peoples and conflict-affected, as data become available) for all education SDG Indicators on this list that can be disaggregated

 

 

Migration relevance and rationale: tbc

Custodian agency: UNESCO-UIS

Data sources: tbc - if you know of additional data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 4.6: Universal literacy and numeracy

     Indicator: 4.6.1 - Proportion of population in a given age group achieving at least a fixed level of proficiency in functional (a) literacy and (b) numeracy skills, by sex

 

Migration relevance and rationale : 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status, to measure the basic education level of migrants. 

Custodian agency: UNESCO-UIS

Data sources: 

  • Skills' assessment surveys of the adult population (e.g. PIAAC, STEP, LAMP, RAMAA), national adult literacy surveys and IPUMS-Internatinoal census microdata.

Existing, relevant, disaggregated datasets:

Country/Area Dataset indicator Last updated Dataset link Migration disaggregation
Abu Dhabi Literacy Rate Among Population (15-24 Years) by Year, Citizenship, and Gender in Abu Dhabi Emirate 2020 Dataportal.asia Citizenship

If you know of additional data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 4.b: Expand higher education scholarships for developing countries

     Indicator: 4.b.1 - Volume of official development assistance flows for scholarships by sector and type of study

 

 

Migration relevance and rationale: tbc

Custodian agency: OECD

Data sources: tbc

Existing, relevant, disaggregated datasets:

Country/area Dataset indicator Last updated Dataset link Migration disaggregation
Korea Support for students and trainees from developing countries 2021 KOSTAT Students from developing countries
Global Total official flows for scholarships, by recipient countries (millions of constant 2021 United States dollars) 2017 UNSTATS  

Sources: 

Mosler Vidal, E., 2021. Leave No Migrant Behind: The 2030 Agenda and Data Disaggregation. International Organization for Migration (IOM), Geneva.

IOM, 2018. Migration and the 2030 Agenda: Comprehensive SDG Target and Migration Correlation. International Organization for Migration (IOM), Geneva. 

The Global Goals: Resources

 

Tiers updated according to:

2023, United Nations Statistical Commission, Inter-agency Expert Group on SDG Indicators Tier Classification for SDG indicators (as of 31 March 2023)

ODD 5 : ÉGALITÉ ENTRE LES SEXES

Dernière mise à jour le 26 Octobre 2023

Parvenir à l’égalité des sexes et autonomiser toutes les femmes et les filles

What do we know?

 

Migration-relevant SDG targets and indicators:

All indicators below are classified by the IAEG-SDGs into three tiers based on their level of methodological development and the availability of data at global level, as outlined here.

Target 5.1: End discrimination against all women and girls

      Indicator: 5.1.1 - Whether or not legal frameworks are in place to promote, enforce and monitor equality and non‑discrimination on the basis of sex

Migration relevance and rationale: tbc

Custodian agency: UN Women, World Bank, OECD Development Centre

Data sources: tbc

Existing, relevant, disaggregated data:

Country/area Dataset indicator Last updated Dataset link
56 countries Anti-discrimination policy score 2020 MIPEX
Of 136 countries Countries with formal mechanisms to ensure that the migration policy is gender responsive 2021 IOM and UNDESA

If you know of additional data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 5.2: End all violence against and exploitation of women and girls

      Indicator: 5.2.1 - Proportion of ever-partnered women and girls aged 15 years and older subjected to physical, sexual or psychological violence by a current or former intimate partner in the previous 12 months, by form of violence and by age
 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status. 
  • Combating all forms of trafficking of women and girls, and addressing violence against and exploitation of women and girls during all stages of the migration cycle.
  • This includes physical, sexual or psychological violence they may be subject to during transit (for example travelling or in refugee camps) or at destination (for example by an employer).
  • Addressing gender-based violence or conflict-related sexual violence generally, which can force women and girls to migrate.

Custodian agency: UNICEF, UN Women, UNFPA, WHO, UNODC

Data sources:

  • Household surveys, administrative data (although these only reveal information on cases reported).
  • Note: Most relevant data are an underestimate, as women may be reluctant to share experiences. This means it can be difficult to compare nationally representative rates of migrants with those of non-migrants.

Existing, relevant, disaggregated data:

Country/area Dataset indicator Last updated Dataset link Migration disaggregation
Spain Victims of domestic violence by place of birth 2019 INE Spain Place of birth

      Indicator: 5.2.2 - Proportion of women and girls aged 15 years and older subjected to sexual violence by persons other than an intimate partner in the previous 12 months, by age and place of occurrence
 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status. 
  • Addressing sexual violence against and exploitation of women and girls during all stages of the migration cycle, during transit (for example travelling or in refugee camps) or at destination (for example by an employer).
  • Addressing gender-based violence or conflict-related sexual violence generally, which can force women and girls to migrate.

Custodian agency: UNICEF, UN Women, UNFPA, WHO, UNODC

Data sources:

  • Household surveys, administrative data (although these only reveal information on cases reported).
  • Note: Most relevant data are an underestimate, as women may be reluctant to share experiences. This means it can be difficult to compare nationally representative rates of migrants with those of non-migrants.

Existing, relevant, disaggregated data:

Country/area Dataset indicator Last updated Dataset link Migration disaggregation
South Africa Incidence of human trafficking for sexual purposes brought to police attention 2018 Goal Tracker South Africa Victims of trafficking
Global Victims of trafficking, by country of exploitation, citizenship, type of trafficking (including sexual exploit), and means of control (including sexual abuse) 2023 Counter Trafficking Data Collaborative Victims of trafficking

If you know of additional data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 5.3: Eliminate forced marriages and genital mutilation

      Indicator: 5.3.1 - Proportion of women aged 20–24 years who were married or in a union before age 15 and before age 18

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Addressing any migration dynamics related to child, early and forced marriage.

Custodian agency: UNICEF

Data sources:

  • Household surveys (e.g. MICS and DHS), other sources that collect information on age at first marriage (such as IPUMS-International census microdata), and marriage registers.

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

      Indicator: 5.3.2 - Proportion of girls and women aged 15–49 years who have undergone female genital mutilation, by age
 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status. Addressing any migration dynamics related to harmful practices.

Data sources: 

  • Household surveys (e.g. MICS and DHS) and national health records or specialized surveillance systems.
  • Some countries disaggregate such data by ethnicity or religion. Doing this by parents’ migratory status can also be useful for policymakers, to monitor the phenomenon among second-generation migrants.

Existing, relevant, disaggregated data:

Country/area Dataset indicator Last updated Dataset link Migration disaggregation
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Identified cases of female genital mutilation (FGM) by country of birth and country where the FGM took place 2019 UK National Health Service Country of birth
Spain Victimizaciones por tipología penal y nacionalidad de la víctima [espanola / extranjera] [tipos de hecho incluye mutilacion genital] (2015-2019) 

Victimisations by criminal typology and nationality of the victim [Spanish / foreign] [types of act includes genital mutilation].

Data from 2015-2019 Ministerio del Interior Nationality

If you know of additional data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 5.4: Value unpaid care and promote shared domestic responsibilities

      Indicator: 5.4.1 - Proportion of time spent on unpaid domestic and care work by sex, age and location

Migration relevance and rationale:  

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Protecting the rights and interests, and enhancing the well-being, dignity and status of migrant domestic workers.
  • Ensuring eligibility, equal access and coverage to social protection for female migrant domestic workers.

Custodian agency: UNSD, UN Women

Data sources: Dedicated time-use surveys or modules integrated into other household surveys.

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 5.5: Ensure full participation in leadership and decision-making

      Indicator: 5.5.1 - Proportion of seats held by women in national parliaments and local governments

 

Migration relevance and rationale: tbc

Custodian agencyIPU, UN Women

Data sources: See Indicator 16.7.1. Note: Disaggregation by country of birth may be more relevant than by country of citizenship, as in many countries non-citizens cannot hold office.

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

 

      Indicator: 5.5.2 - Proportion of women in managerial positions

 

Migration relevance and rationale:

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Being a migrant and a woman is a double disadvantage in the labour market.
  • Women are less likely to be in managerial position and migrant women are more disadvantaged than migrant men.

Custodian agency: ILO

Data sources: 

  • Data can be collected in censuses and in labour force surveys.
  • Managerial positions are defined using ISCO classification.
  • Data can also be captured through administrative sources.
  • Note: For household surveys there are two obstacles: (a) very few surveys collect migration information; (b) sampling frame does not have information on migrants for oversampling.

Existing, relevant, disaggregated data:

Country/area Dataset indicator Last updated Dataset link Migration disaggregation
Qatar Proportion of women in the labour force by nationality, occupation and sector. 2012 Planning and Statistics Authority of Qatar Nationality

If you know of additional data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 5.6: Universal access to reproductive health rights

      Indicator: 5.6.1 - Proportion of women aged 15–49 years who make their own informed decisions regarding sexual relations, contraceptive use and reproductive health care
 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Addressing the vulnerability of migrants regarding sexual and reproductive health, including in refugee camps, makeshift settlements and IDP settlements, and especially for female migrants, to increase their access to related health-care services.
  • Universal access is only achievable if migrants are included.
  • Integrating the sexual and reproductive health needs and rights of migrants in all related legislation, policy and programming

Custodian agency: UNFPA

Data sources:

  • Household surveys

Existing, relevant, disaggregated data:

Country/area Dataset indicator Last updated Dataset link Migration disaggregation
Qatar Current use of contraceptives by age, education and nationality 2012 Planning and Statistics Authority of Qatar Nationality

If you know of additional data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 5.a: Equal rights to economic resources, property ownership and financial services

      Indicator: 5.a.1 (a) - Proportion of total agricultural population with ownership or secure rights over agricultural land, by sex; and (b) share of women among owners or rightsbearers of agricultural land, by type of tenure
 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Addressing gender inequalities in economic resources, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, financial services, inheritance policies and natural resources insofar as they can be potential drivers of migration.
  • Ensuring equality of access to economic resources, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, financial services, inheritance policies and natural resources for female migrants.

Custodian agency: FAO

Data sources:

  • Household surveys, census data, specialized agricultural surveys or records.

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 5.b: Promote the empowerment of women through technology

      Indicator: 5.b.1 - Enhance the use of enabling technology, in particular information and communications technology, to promote the empowerment of women
 

Migration relevance and rationale: tbc

Custodian agency: ITU

Data sources: Census data or administrative records

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Sources: 

Mosler Vidal, E. and F. Laczko, 2022. Migration and the SDGs: Measuring Progress – An Edited Volume. International Organization for Migration (IOM), Geneva.

Mosler Vidal, E., 2021. Leave No Migrant Behind: The 2030 Agenda and Data Disaggregation. International Organization for Migration (IOM), Geneva.

IOM, 2018. Migration and the 2030 Agenda: Comprehensive SDG Target and Migration Correlation. International Organization for Migration (IOM), Geneva. 

The Global Goals: Resources

 

Tiers updated according to:

2023, United Nations Statistical Commission, Inter-agency Expert Group on SDG Indicators Tier Classification for SDG indicators (as of 31 March 2023)

ODD 6 : EAU PROPRE ET ASSAINISSEMENT

Dernière mise à jour le 26 Octobre 2023

Garantir l’accès de tous à l’eau et à l’assainissement et assurer une gestion durable des ressources en eau

What do we know?

SDG 6 Human Mobility and WASH

Source: Migration for Sustainable Development, 2023

Migration-relevant SDG targets and indicators:

All indicators are classified by the IAEG-SDGs into three tiers                based on their level of methodological development and the availability of data at global level, as outlined here.

Target 6.1: Safe and affordable drinking water

      Indicator: 6.1.1: Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services

 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Including all migrants at all stages of the migrant lifecycle in efforts to improve access to safe and affordable drinking water.
  • Working towards equitably and sustainably improving access to water in all communities, including both migrants and host communities in these efforts.

Custodian agency: WHO, UNICEF

Existing, relevant, disaggregated datasets:

Country/area Dataset indicator Last update Dataset link Migration disaggregation
Several countries in Africa, the Middle East and Bangladesh Number of persons per usable water tap 2023 UNHCR WASH Data is from refugee camps
Several countries in Africa, the Middle East and Bangladesh Average liters of potable water available per person 2023 UNHCR WASH Data is from refugee camps
Several countries in Africa, the Middle East and Bangladesh Number of persons per usable handpump/well/spring 2023 UNHCR WASH Data is from refugee camps
Several countries in Africa, the Middle East and Bangladesh % households collecting drinking water from protected/treated sources 2023 UNHCR WASH Data is from refugee camps

If you know of additional data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 6.2: End open defecation and provide access to sanitation and hygiene

Indicator: 6.2.1: Proportion of population using       (a) safely managed sanitation services and       (b) a hand-washing facility with soap and water
 

Migration relevance and rationale:

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Including all migrants at all stages of the migrant lifecycle in efforts to improve access to safe and affordable drinking water.
  • Working towards equitably and sustainably improving access to water in all communities, including both migrants and host communities in these efforts.

Custodian agency: WHO, UNICEF

Existing, relevant, disaggregated datasets:

Country/area Dataset indicator Last update Dataset link Migration disaggregation
Several countries in Africa, the Middle East and Bangladesh Number of persons per toilet/latrine 2023 UNHCR WASH Data is from refugee camps
Several countries in Africa, the Middle East and Bangladesh Number of persons per bath shelter/shower 2023 UNHCR WASH Data is from refugee camps
Several countries in Africa, the Middle East and Bangladesh % households with household toilet/latrine 2023 UNHCR WASH Data is from refugee camps
Several countries in Africa, the Middle East and Bangladesh % households with access to soap 2023 UNHCR WASH Data is from refugee camps
Several countries in Africa, the Middle East and Bangladesh % households defacating in a toilet 2023 UNHCR WASH  
Plurinational State of Bolivia Percentage distribution of the non-migrant and recent migrant population by availability of sanitary service, bathroom or latrine, and department. 2018   Recent migrant population

If you know of additional data we should include here, please contact the team.

Sources: 

2023, United Nations Statistical Commission, Inter-agency Expert Group on SDG Indicators Tier Classification for SDG indicators (as of 31 March 2023)

IOM, 2018. Migration and the 2030 Agenda: Comprehensive SDG Target and Migration Correlation. International Organization for Migration (IOM), Geneva.

ODD 7 : ÉNERGIE PROPRE ET D'UN COÛT ABORDABLE

Dernière mise à jour le 26 Octobre 2023

Garantir l’accès de tous à des services énergétiques fiables, durables et modernes, à un coût abordable

What do we know?

SDG 7 Human Mobility and Energy

Source: Migration for Sustainable Development, 2023

Migration-relevant SDG targets and indicators:

All indicators are classified by the IAEG-SDGs into three tiers                based on their level of methodological development and the availability of data at global level, as outlined here.

Target 7.1 Universal access to modern energy

      Indicator: 7.1.1 Proportion of population with access to electricity

 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Including all migrants at all stages of the migrant lifecycle in efforts to improve access to affordable, reliable and modern energy.
  • Working towards equitably and sustainably improving access to energy services in all communities, including both migrants and host communities in these efforts.

Custodian agency: World Bank

Data sources: tbc - If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

      Indicator: 7.1.2 Proportion of population with primary reliance on clean fuels and technology 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Including all migrants at all stages of the migrant lifecycle in efforts to improve access to affordable, reliable and modern energy.
  • Working towards equitably and sustainably improving access to energy services in all communities, including both migrants and host communities in these efforts.

Custodian agency: UNSD, IEA, IRENA

Data sources: tbc - If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 7.b Expand and upgrade energy services for developing countries

     Indicator: 7.b.1 Installed renewable energy generating capacity in developing countries (in watts per capita)

Migration relevance: 

  • Increasing migrant and diaspora investment, knowledge and skills transfers, and other mechanisms, into initiatives that address sustainable energy infrastructure and technology.

Custodian agency: IRENA

Data sources: tbc - If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

 

Sources:

IOM, 2018. Migration and the 2030 Agenda: Comprehensive SDG Target and Migration Correlation. International Organization for Migration (IOM). Geneva.

The Global Goals: Resources

 

Tiers updated according to:

2023, United Nations Statistical Commission, Inter-agency Expert Group on SDG Indicators Tier Classification for SDG indicators (as of 31 March 2023)

ODD 8 : TRAVAIL DÉCENT ET CROISSANCE ÉCONOMIQUE

Dernière mise à jour le 26 Octobre 2023

Promouvoir une croissance économique soutenue, partagée et durable, le plein emploi productif et un travail décent pour tous

Note: indicators 8.8.1 and 8.8.2 explicitly mention migration status

What do we know?

Cibles et indicateurs des ODD qui concernent la migration : 

 

All indicators below are classified by the IAEG-SDGs into three tiers               based on their level of methodological development and the availability of data at global level, as outlined here

Target 8.3: Promote policies to support job creation and growing enterprises

     Indicator: 8.3.1 - Proportion of informal employment in non-agriculture employment, by sex

 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Migrants' access to adequate working conditions; prohibit discrimination on the basis of nationality

Custodian agency: ILO

Data sources: 

  • Labour force surveys (provided adequate sample size), census microdata and records from ministries of labour.

Existing, relevant, disaggregated data:

Country/area Dataset indicator Last updated Dataset link Migration disaggregation
UAE Percentage distribution of employed persons (15 years and over) by nationality, gender and economic activity  2019 UAE STAT Non-citizens
Rwanda Employed migrant workers by top four branch of economic activity. 2022 National Institute of Statistics Rwanda Migrant workers
Pakistan Percentage distribution of migrant employed persons 10 years of age and over by employment status, number of hours worked during reference week and sex 2020-2021 Pakistan Bureau of Statistics Migrants
EU Employees by sex, age, migration status and type of employment contract 2023 EUROSTAT Migration status
ASEAN Employed persons by sex, economic activity, migrant population, economic activity (some, including agriculture)  2022 Asia Pacific Migration Network Migrant population

If you know of additional data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 8.5: Full employment and decent work with equal pay

     Indicator: 8.5.1 - Average hourly earnings of female and male employees, by occupation, age and persons with disabilities

 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Migrants' access to adequate working conditions; prohibit discrimination on the basis of nationality

Custodian agency: ILO

Data sources: 

  • Labour force surveys

Existing, relevant, disaggregated data:

Country/area Dataset indicator Last updated Dataset link Migration disaggregation
China Income by migration status 2023 Statistical Communiqué of the People's Republic of China on the 2022 National Economic and Social Development Migration status
OECD Differences in earnings between native- and foreign-born workers, by educational attainment and age at arrival in the country, by age, gender and migration status 2016 and 2019 (or latest available year) OECD Native- and foreign-born
OECD Percentage of native- and foreign-born full-time, full-year earners, part-time earners and people with no earnings, by educational attainment and age at arrival in the country 2016 and 2019 (or latest available year) OECD Native- and foreign-born
ASEAN Mean nominal monthly earnings of employees by sex and citizenship (local currency) 2022 ILO Citizenship

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

     Indicator: 8.5.2 - Unemployment rate, by sex, age and persons with disabilities

 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Migrants' access to adequate working conditions; prohibit discrimination on the basis of nationality

Custodian agency: ILO

Data sources:

  • Population census and labour force surveys

Existing, relevant, disaggregated data:

Country/area Dataset indicator Last updated Dataset link Migration disaggregation
Rwanda Internal and international migrants by labour force status, sex, urban/rural area 2022 National Institute of Statistics Rwanda Internal and international migrants
New Zealand Migrants' Labour Force Status by Wave and Region of Origin (employed; not employed but seeking work; not employed and not seeking work) 2005-2009 Stats New Zealand Migrants
ASEAN Unemployment by sex, age and place of birth or citizenship  2022 ILO Place of birth or citizenship
OECD Percentage of native- and foreign-born full-time, full-year earners, part-time earners and people with no earnings, by educational attainment and age at arrival in the country 2021 OECD Native- and foreign-born
OECD Employment, unemployment and inactivity rate of native- and foreign-born adults, by educational attainment, age at arrival in the country and sex 2021 OECD Native- and foreign-born
OECD Employment, unemployment and participation rates by place of birth and sex 2021 OECD Place of birth
OECD and EU Unemployment rates, by citizenship and level of education (15-64 year-olds) 2020 OECD and EU Third-country national; national
EU Unemployment rate by sex, age, migration status, citizenship and educational attainment level 2019 EUROSTAT Migration status

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 8.6: Promote youth employment, education and training

     Indicator: 8.6.1 - Proportion of youth (aged 15-24 years) not in education, employment or training

 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Migrants' access to adequate working conditions; prohibit discrimination on the basis of nationality

Custodian agency: ILO

Data sources:

  • Labour force surveys or population census

Existing, relevant, disaggregated data:

Country/area Dataset indicator Last updated Dataset link Migration disaggregation
Pakistan Percentage distribution of migrant employed persons 10 years of age and over by employment status, number of hours worked during reference week and sex  2020-2021 Pakistan Bureau of Statistics Migrants
ASEAN Unemployment by sex, age and place of birth (includes “Youth population [15-24”)  2022 ILO Place of birth
OECD and EU NEET [Not in education, employment or training] rates 15-34 year-olds 2020-2021 OECD and EU Native-born with foreign-born parents; native-born with native-born parents; foreign-born who arrived as children
OECD Percentage of native- and foreign-born young adults in education/not in education, by work status and age (15-29) at arrival in the country 2021 OECD Native- and foreign-born

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 8.7: End modern slavery, trafficking and child labour

     Indicator: 8.7.1 - Proportion and number of children aged 5-17 years engaged in child labour, by sex and age
 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Combatting human trafficking of all forms, including of children.
  • Addressing vulnerabilities of child migrants and children left behind, which could increase their risk of trafficking and/or exploitation.
  • Addressing the multiple associated health risks due to poor working and living conditions, and the various forms of exploitation, discrimination and unsafe health practices throughout the migration process

Custodian agency: ILO, UNICEF

Data sources:

  • Household surveys, census microdata, records on human trafficking and rights violations from labour ministries and/or national human rights institutions.
  • Note: It is difficult to find quality data on child labour, and the worst forms of child labour are still not captured, such as slavery, certain types of trafficking, recruitment and use of child soldiers, and use or procurement of children for prostitution or other illicit activities. It is very unlikely that migratory status disaggregation of any such data would be nationally representative.

Existing, relevant, disaggregated data:

Country/area Dataset indicator Last updated Dataset link Migration disaggregation
Pakistan Percentage distribution of migrant employed persons 10 years of age and over by employment status, number of hours worked during reference week and sex 2020-2021 Pakistan Bureau of Statistics Migrants
ASEAN Employment by sex, age and place of birth or citizenship (working age as 15+) 2022 ILO Place of birth or citizenship

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 8.8: Protect labour rights and promote safe and secure working environments...[migrants]

...including migrant workers, in particular women migrants, and those in precarious employment

 

     Indicator: 8.8.1 - Frequency rates of fatal and non-fatal occupational injuries, by sex and migrant status
 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Protecting labour rights for migrant workers, who are often at greater risk of exploitation, violence and/or abuse than other groups, especially female migrant workers in domestic employment.
  • This includes improving working conditions, promoting fair recruitment practices, addressing health needs, including ensuring access to equitable health services, and more.

Custodian agency: ILO

Data sources: 

  • Administrative data such as national surveillance systems for occupational injuries, labour inspection records, social security, insurance and compensation records, and death registers.
  • Some household surveys may be useful.

Examples of existing, relevant, disaggregated data:

Country/area Dataset indicator Last updated Dataset link Migration disaggregation
Global Non-fatal occupational injuries per 100,000 workers 2021 ILO By migrant status (migrants; non migrants; unknown)
Global Fatal occupational injuries per 100,000 workers 2021 ILO

By migrant status (migrants; non migrants; unknown)

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

 

     Indicator: 8.8.2 - Level of national compliance of labour rights (freedom of association and collective bargaining) based on International Labour Organization (ILO) textual sources and national legislation, by sex and migrant status

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Protecting labour rights for migrant workers, who are often at greater risk of exploitation, violence and/or abuse than other groups, especially female migrant workers in domestic employment.
  • This includes improving working conditions, promoting fair recruitment practices, addressing health needs, including ensuring access to equitable health services, and more.

Custodian agency: ILO

Data sources: 

  • Administrative data such as national surveillance systems for occupational injuries, labour inspection records, social security, insurance and compensation records, and death registers.
  • Some household surveys may be useful.

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 8.10: Universal access to banking, insurance and financial services

     Indicator: 8.10.2 - Proportion of adults (15 years and older) with an account at a bank or other financial institution or with a mobile-money-service provider
 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Social inclusion: access to financial institutions. Improving all migrant groups’ financial inclusion, by expanding access to banking, insurance and financial services.
  • Money-mobile-services can be used to send remittances.

Custodian agency: World Bank

Data sources:

  • The World Bank's Global FINDEX database contains data on remittances. 
  • Household surveys and selected records from central banks or ministries of finance.  
  • Information on those using mobile-money-service providers will be especially relevant to identify many migrants.

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 8.B: Develop a global youth employment strategy

     Indicator: 8.b.1 - Existence of a developed and operationalized national strategy for youth employment, as a distinct strategy or as part of a national employment strategy
 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Improving local and national employment and increasing access to decent work for youth to:

    • (a) Address un- and under-employment and poor working conditions as potential drivers of migration;
    • (b) Address un- and under-employment of youth migrant populations

Custodian agency: ILO

Data sources: tbc - if you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Sources:

Mosler Vidal, E. and F. Laczko, 2022. Migration and the SDGs: Measuring Progress – An Edited Volume. International Organization for Migration (IOM), Geneva.

Mosler Vidal, E., 2021. Leave No Migrant Behind: The 2030 Agenda and Data Disaggregation. International Organization for Migration (IOM), Geneva.

IOM, 2018. Migration and the 2030 Agenda: Comprehensive SDG Target and Migration Correlation. International Organization for Migration (IOM), Geneva. 

United Nations Statistics Division, Improving migration data in the context of the 2030 Agenda, 15 June 2017

The Global Goals: Resources

 

Tiers updated according to:

2023, United Nations Statistical Commission, Inter-agency Expert Group on SDG Indicators Tier Classification for SDG indicators (as of 31 March 2023)

ODD 9 : INDUSTRIE, INNOVATION ET INFRASTRUCTURE

Dernière mise à jour le 26 Octobre 2023

Mettre en place une infrastructure résiliente, promouvoir une industrialisation durable qui profite à tous et encourager l’innovation

What do we know?

SDG 9 Human Mobility and Industry, private sector development and trade

Source: Migrationfordevelopment, 2023

Migration-relevant SDG targets and indicators:

To facilitate the implementation of the global indicator framework, all indicators are classified by the IAEG-SDGs into three tiers               based on their level of methodological development and the availability of data at the global level, as outlined here.

Target 9.1: Develop sustainable, resilient infrastructure and inclusive infrastructures

     9.1.2: Passenger and freight volumes, by mode of transport 

 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Generating domestic employment and decent work through infrastructure development, and addressing unemployment as a potential driver of migration.
  • Facilitating the participation of migrant groups in infrastructure development employment, including by helping provide adequate skills and training.
  • Ensuring infrastructure, especially transborder infrastructure, is affordable and equitable to all migrant groups.

Data sources: tbc

Custodian agency: ICAO, ITE-OECD

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 9.2: Promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization

     9.2.2: Manufacturing employment as a proportion of total employment  

 

Migration relevance and rationale:

  • Data can be disaggregated by migration status.
  • Generating domestic employment and decent work through infrastructure development, and addressing unemployment as a potential driver of migration.
  • Facilitating the participation of migrant groups in infrastructure development employment, including by helping provide adequate skills and training.
  • Ensuring infrastructure, especially transborder infrastructure, is affordable and equitable to all migrant groups.

Data sources: tbc

Custodian agency: UNIDO

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 9.3: Increase access to financial services and markets

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Expanding access of all migrant groups and migrant-founded enterprises to financial services, including refugee and returned migrant enterprises.

Data sources: tbc

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

 

Sources: 

United Nations Statistics Division, Improving migration data in the context of the 2030 Agenda, 15 June 2017

IOM, 2018. Migration and the 2030 Agenda: Comprehensive SDG Target and Migration Correlation. International Organization for Migration (IOM). Geneva.

The Global Goals: Resources

 

Tiers updated according to:

2023, United Nations Statistical Commission, Inter-agency Expert Group on SDG Indicators Tier Classification for SDG indicators (as of 31 March 2023)

ODD 10 : INÉGALITÉS RÉDUITES

Dernière mise à jour le 22 Novembre 2023

Réduire les inégalités entre les pays et en leur sein

Note: indicators 10.7.2 and 10.7.3 explicitly mention migration; target 10.c explicitly mentions migrant remittances

What do we know?

SDG-10-1

 

SDG-10-2

 

Migration-relevant SDG targets and indicators:

All indicators below are classified by the IAEG-SDGs into three tiers               based on their level of methodological development and the availability of data at global level, as outlined here:

Target 10.1: Reduce income inequalities

     Indicator: 10.1.1 Growth rates of household expenditure or income per capita among the bottom 40 per cent of the population and the total population

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Achieving and sustaining income growth for the bottom 40 per cent of the population in order to address poverty as a potential driver of migration. 
  • Integrating the rights and needs of all migrant populations (including groups such as asylum seekers, refugees and IDPs) in local and national poverty reduction policies and programming. Recognizing and promoting linkages between migration, development and poverty reduction, for example through addressing relationship between migration and different sectors such as health and education.

Data sources: tbc - If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 10.2: Promote universal social, economic and political inclusion

     Indicator: 10.2.1 - Proportion of people living below 50 per cent of median income, by sex, age and persons with disabilities
 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • This indicator measures "median" income versus indicator 1.1.1 that measures extreme poverty.
  • This indicator is closely related to the social inclusion indicator under the EU Zaragoza Declaration on migrant integration.

Custodian agency: World Bank

Data sources: 

  • Household surveys collecting income- or consumption-based information. See indicator 1.1.1

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 10.3: Ensure equal opportunities and end discrimination

     Indicator: 10.3.1 - Proportion of population reporting having personally felt discriminated against or harassed in the previous 12 months on the basis of a ground of discrimination prohibited under international human rights law [see also 16.b.1]
 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Eliminating laws, policies and practices that are discriminatory towards any migrant group, and promoting appropriate legislation that are inclusive towards migrants

Custodian agency: OHCHR

Data sources: Household surveys

Existing, relevant, disaggregated data:

Country/area Dataset indicator Last updated Dataset link Migration disaggregation
Switzerland

(Experience of racial discrimination by migration status)

2022 Swiss Confederation Population with and without migration background
Belarus Percentage of women and men aged 15–49 who in the last 12 months have felt discriminated or harassed on selected grounds 2019 National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus and UNICEF Selected grounds includes: Ethnic or immigration origin
Central African Republic; Chad; Democratic Republic of the Congo; Lesotho; Tunisia; Zimbabwe Proportion of population reporting having felt discriminated against, by grounds of discrimination, sex and disability/Persons without disability/Ethnicity, colour, language/Both sexes (%) 2019 - Central African Republic; Chad; Zimbabwe
2018 - Democratic Republic of the Congo;  Lesotho; Tunisia;
ECASTATS Discrimination for ethnicity
Uzbekistan Percentage of women who in the last 12 months have felt discriminated against or harassed on the basis of ethnic or immigration origin 2021-2022 MICS UNICEF on the basis of ethnic or immigration origin
Malawi Percentage [of men and women] age 15-49 years who in the past 12 months have felt discriminated against or harassed and those who have not felt discriminated against or harassed on the basis of ethnic or immigration origin 2019-2020 MICS UNICEF on the basis of ethnic or immigration origin

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 10.4: Adopt fiscal and social policies that promotes equality

     Indicator: 10.4.1 - Labour share of GDP

 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status 
  • Ensuring social protection policies and programmes grant eligibility, coverage and equal access to migrants. Ensuring fiscal and wage policies consider migrants and do not increase inequalities between them and native populations.

Data sources:

  • National GDP estimates, administrative records or other data showing compensation of employees.
  • Note: It may be possible to disaggregate by type or other subcategory of migrant workers, if disaggregation information is harmonized across sectors

 

     Indicator: 10.4.2 - Redistributive impact of fiscal policy (Gini coefficient)

 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status 
  • Ensuring social protection policies and programmes grant eligibility, coverage and equal access to migrants.
  • Ensuring fiscal and wage policies consider migrants and do not increase inequalities between them and native populations.

Custodian agency: World Bank

Data sources:

  • Surveys e.g. income and expenditure, and relevant fiscal and budgetary data.
  • Some countries already regularly disaggregate such data by ethnicity.

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 10.7: Facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people, including through the implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies

     ;Indicator: 10.7.1 - Recruitment cost borne by employee as a proportion of monthly income earned in country of destination
 

 

Migration relevance and rationale: tbc

Custodian agency: ILO, World Bank

Data sources:

Existing, relevant data sources:

Country/area Dataset indicator Last updated Dataset link
Global

Recruitment cost borne by employee as a proportion of monthly income earned in country of destination

2016 KNOMAD-ILO

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

     Indicator: 10.7.2 - Number of countries with migration policies to facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people

 

 

Migration relevance and rationale:

  • SDG Indicator 10.7.2 aims to describe the state of national migration policies and how such policies change over time.
  • This indicator measures the proportion of countries with migration policies to facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people, by policy domain (%).
  • The indicator includes a total of 30 sub-categories, under 6 questions/domains, based on IOM´s Migration Governance Framework (MiGOF).

Custodian agency: DESA Population Division, IOM

Data sources: 

  • The UN Inquiry among Governments on Population and Development, Two rounds of the Inquiry have been used to collect data on indicator 10.7.2: the Twelfth Inquiry, conducted between September 2018 and October 2019, and the Thirteenth Inquiry, conducted between November 2020 and October of 2021.

See more:

Examples of existing, relevant datasets:

Country/area Dataset indicator Last updated  Dataset link
Global Number of countries with migration policies to facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of migration 2021 UNDESA

Indicator: 10.7.3 - Number of people who died or disappeared in the process of migration towards an international destination
 

 

Migration relevance and rationale:

  • Data are explicitly on migrants in transit. Indicator 10.7.3 is the sole indicator measuring ‘safe’ migration called for in Target 10.7.

Data sources:

  • IOM Missing Migrants Project.
  • Data on repatriations, press releases, official records of border deaths and many others.
  • If possible, this could be disaggregated by location, age, sex, country of origin and others.
Country/area Dataset indicator Last updated  Dataset link
Global Number of deaths of migrants, including refugees and asylum-seekers, who have died or gone missing in the process of migration towards an international destination 2023 IOM Missing Migrants Project

 

     Indicator: 10.7.4 - Proportion of the population who are refugees, by country of origin

 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status 
  • Implementing planned and well-managed migration policies; this can include any number of migration governance areas at the local or national level.
  • See IOM’s Migration Governance Indicators (MGI) for six domains of migration governance.
  • Protecting migrant rights and migrant safety throughout the migration process by promoting safe, orderly regular and responsible migration in policy and practice.
  • Strengthening capacity for states to create planned and well-managed migration policies in the future. For example, by encouraging migration mainstreaming so that more migration and development linkages are institutionalized and included in local and national migration and/or development strategies.

Custodian agency: UNHCR

Data sources: 

  • Relevant data sources are administrative asylum systems and refugee registration databases. If possible, this could be disaggregated by sex, age, geographical location, place of residence (in camps/out of camps) and more.

Existing relevant, disaggregated datasets:

Country/area Dataset indicator Last updated  Dataset link
Global Number of refugees (and asylum seekers, stateless and others in need of international protection) in countries of asylum 2022 UNHCR
Global Total number of refugees in host country, end of 2021 2021 UNHCR

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 10.c: Reduce transaction costs for migrant remittances

     Indicator: 10.c.1 - Remittance costs as a proportion of the amount remitted

 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Lowering remittance transfer costs, making transfer markets more transparent, informing migrants of their transfer choices.
  • Improving poverty-reduction capabilities of remittances to individuals, households and communities, for example by strengthening financial inclusion.

Data sources:

  • Remittance service providers via the Remittance Prices Worldwide (RPW) and any national estimates. This could be disaggregated by instrument used (e.g. cash, bank account, debit/credit card and mobile money).

Example of an existing, relevant dataset:

Country/area Dataset indicator Last updated  Dataset link
Global Cost of sending and receiving money (remittances) between countries 2022 World Bank

Sources: 

Mosler Vidal, E. and F. Laczko, 2022. Migration and the SDGs: Measuring Progress – An Edited Volume. International Organization for Migration (IOM), Geneva.

Mosler Vidal, E., 2021. Leave No Migrant Behind: The 2030 Agenda and Data Disaggregation. International Organization for Migration (IOM), Geneva.

IOM, 2018. Migration and the 2030 Agenda: Comprehensive SDG Target and Migration Correlation. International Organization for Migration (IOM), Geneva. 

United Nations Statistics Division, Improving migration data in the context of the 2030 Agenda, 15 June 2017

The Global Goals: Resources

 

Tiers updated according to:

2023, United Nations Statistical Commission, Inter-agency Expert Group on SDG Indicators Tier Classification for SDG indicators (as of 31 March 2023)

ODD 11 : VILLES ET COMMUNAUTÉS DURABLES

Dernière mise à jour le 26 Octobre 2023

Faire en sorte que les villes et les établissements humains soient ouverts à tous, sûrs, résilients et durables

What do we know?

SDG 11

Source: Migration for development, 2023

 

Cibles et indicateurs des ODD qui concernent la migration : 

 

All indicators are classified by the IAEG-SDGs into three tiers               based on their level of methodological development and the availability of data at global level, as outlined here:

Target 11.1: Safe and affordable housing

     Indicator: 11.1.1 - Proportion of urban population living in slums, informal settlements or inadequate housing
 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Access to adequate housing may be challenging for many migrants, especially irregular migrants. Improving living conditions, access to secure and decent housing for migrants and displaced persons.
  • If relevant in particular context, addressing land and property rights of migrants.

Custodian agency: UN-Habitat

Data sources: 

  • Data for the slum and informal settlement components of the indicator can be computed from census and national household surveys, including DHS and MICS.
  • Data for the inadequate housing component can be computed by using income and expenditure household surveys that capture household expenditures.

Existing, relevant, disaggregated datasets:

Country/area Dataset indicator Last updated Dataset link Migration disaggregation
Switzerland Average living space per person in single-person households, by migration status of the household and number of rooms in occupied dwellings 2013-2022 Swiss Federation Migration status
EU Overcrowding rate of persons aged 18 years or over, by citizenship or country of birth 2021 EUROSTAT Citizenship or country of birth
OECD and EU Overcrowding rates at the national and international level in longstanding destinations 2020 OECD and EU Foreign-born and native-born
Multiple countries Prevalent forms of [...] shelter in selected refugee camps 2015 Chatham House Refugees

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 11.3: Inclusive and sustainable urbanization

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Promoting inclusive and sustainable urban planning that integrates the rights and interests of migrants and proactively addresses migration dynamics.

Data sources: tbc

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 11.5: Reduce the adverse effects of natural disasters

     Indicator 11.5.1 - Number of deaths, missing persons and directly affected persons attributed to disasters per 100,000 population
 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Reducing risk of natural disasters, impacts of climate change and other environmental factors.
  • Including migrants in disaster risk reduction and management, and emergency response systems, according to the Migrants in Countries in Crisis (MICIC) guidelines.

Custodian agency: UNDRR

Existing, relevant, disaggregated data:

Country/area Dataset indicator Last updated Dataset link Migration disaggregation
Global Number of internal displacements in 2022 due to disaster 2023 IDMC Internal displacement
Global Total number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) due to disasters, as of Dec 2022 2023 IDMC Internally displaced persons

Target 11.A: Strong national and regional development planning

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Linking plans to assist communities vulnerable to climate change-related migration, and migrants from areas affected by environmental change, with local, national and regional development policies in other areas.
  • Linking plans to help coordinate rural-urban migration needs, including between the local and national levels.

Data sources: tbc - if you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 11.B: Implement policies for inclusion, resource efficiency and disaster risk reduction

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Integrating migrants and their needs in urban planning. Integrating migrants’ safety and protection in urban disaster risk reduction and management.
  • Addressing displacement by natural disasters, climate change and other environmental factors in urban planning.

Data sources: tbc - if you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Sources: 

Mosler Vidal, E., 2021. Leave No Migrant Behind: The 2030 Agenda and Data Disaggregation. International Organization for Migration (IOM), Geneva.

IOM, 2018. Migration and the 2030 Agenda: Comprehensive SDG Target and Migration Correlation. International Organization for Migration (IOM), Geneva. 

United Nations Statistics Division, Improving migration data in the context of the 2030 Agenda, 15 June 2017

The Global Goals: Resources

 

Tiers updated according to:

2023, United Nations Statistical Commission, Inter-agency Expert Group on SDG Indicators Tier Classification for SDG indicators (as of 31 March 2023)

ODD 12 : CONSOMMATION ET PRODUCTION RESPONSABLES

Dernière mise à jour le 26 Octobre 2023

Établir des modes de consommation et de production durables

What do we know?

 

Migration-relevant SDG targets and indicators:

All indicators below are classified by the IAEG-SDGs into three tiers               based on their level of methodological development and the availability of data at global level, as outlined here.

Target 12.2 Sustainable management and use of natural resources 

     12.2.1 Material footprint, material footprint per capita, and material footprint per GDP

 

Migration relevance and rationale:

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Including all migrants at all stages of the migrant lifecycle to improve access to ways of using natural resources more sustainably.
  • Ensuring all migrants have information on how to take steps to improve sustainable management and efficiently use natural resources.
  • Promoting sustainable consumption and production patterns can help to protect migrant workers from exploitation.

Data sources: tbc

Custodian agency: UNEP

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

     12.2.2 Domestic material consumption, domestic material consumption per capita, and domestic material consumption per GDP

 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Including all migrants at all stages of the migrant lifecycle to improve access to ways of using natural resources more sustainably.
  • Ensuring all migrants have information on how to take steps to improve sustainable management and efficiently use natural resources.
  • Promoting sustainable consumption and production patterns can help to protect migrant workers from exploitation.

Data sources: tbc

Custodian agency: UNEP

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Sources: 

IOM, 2018. Migration and the 2030 Agenda: Comprehensive SDG Target and Migration Correlation. International Organization for Migration (IOM), Geneva. 

IOM, n.d. Migration, Sustainable Development and the 2030 Agenda.

The Global Goals: Resources

 

Tiers updated according to:

2023, United Nations Statistical Commission, Inter-agency Expert Group on SDG Indicators Tier Classification for SDG indicators (as of 31 March 2023)

ODD 13 : LUTTE CONTRE LES CHANGEMENTS CLIMATIQUES

Dernière mise à jour le 20 Décembre 2023

Prendre d’urgence des mesures pour lutter contre les changements climatiques et leurs répercussions

What do we know?

Migration-relevant SDG targets and indicators:

Indicators below are classified by the IAEG-SDGs into three tiers               based on their level of methodological development and the availability of data at global level, as outlined here:

Target 13.1: Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related disasters

[Tier 1] Indicator - 13.1.1 Number of deaths, missing persons and directly affected persons attributed to disasters per 100,000 population
 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Reducing the risk of displacement due to climate change and natural disasters.
  • Strengthening adaptation strategies and other mechanisms by which people can protect themselves from climate-related hazards that may cause displacement.
  • Integrating migrants and migration into local and national strategies on climate change adaptation, environment and natural resource management, and disaster risk reduction and management. Improving responses to assist and protect environmental migrants and displaced communities.

Custodian agency: UNDRR

Data sources: tbc

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 13.2: Integrate climate change measures into policies and planning

     Indicator 13.2.1 - Number of countries with nationally determined contributions, long-term strategies, national adaptation plans and adaptation communications, as reported to the secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Integrating displacement, migration and climate-related human mobility into local and national policies, strategies and planning on climate change adaptation, environment and natural resource management, and disaster risk reduction and management. Including climate change considerations into local and national policies, strategies and planning on migration management.

Custodian agency: UNFCCC

Data sources: tbc

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 13.3: Build knowledge and capacity to meet climate change

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Integrating displacement, migration and climate-related human mobility into local and national policies, strategies and planning on climate change adaptation, environment and natural resource management, and disaster risk reduction and management.
  • Including climate change considerations into local and national policies, strategies and planning on migration management.

Data sources: tbc - if you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 13.b: Promote mechanisms to raise capacity for climate planning and management

     Indicator: 13.b.1 - Number of least developed countries and small island developing States that are receiving specialized support, and amount of support, including finance, technology and capacity-building, for mechanisms for raising capacities for effective climate change-related planning and management, including focusing on women, youth and local and marginalized communities.

 

 

 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Addressing environment-related migration considerations in all climate change-related planning and management.

Custodian agency: UNFCCC

Data sources: tbc - if you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Sources:

Mosler Vidal, E. and F. Laczko, 2022. Migration and the SDGs: Measuring Progress – An Edited Volume. International Organization for Migration (IOM), Geneva.

IOM, 2018. Migration and the 2030 Agenda: Comprehensive SDG Target and Migration Correlation. International Organization for Migration (IOM), Geneva. 

The Global Goals: Resources

 

Tiers updated according to:

2023, United Nations Statistical Commission, Inter-agency Expert Group on SDG Indicators Tier Classification for SDG indicators (as of 31 March 2023)

ODD 14 : VIE AQUATIQUE

Dernière mise à jour le 26 Octobre 2023

Conserver et exploiter de manière durable les océans, les mers et les ressources marines aux fins du développement durable

What do we know?

 

Migration-relevant SDG targets and indicators:

All indicators below are classified by the IAEG-SDGs into three tiers               based on their level of methodological development and the availability of data at global level, as outlined here.

Target 14.2: Protect and restore ecosystems 

     Indicator 14.2.1: Number of countries using ecosystem-based approaches to managing marine areas

Migration relevance and rationale:  

  • Addressing forced displacement or migration of people due to marine and coastal ecosystem degradation.
  • Increasing migrant and diaspora investments into initiatives addressing marine and coastal ecosystem sustainability.

Custodian agency: UNEP

Data sources: n/a - If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 14.7: Increase the economic benefits from sustainable use of marine resources

     Indicator 14.7.1: Sustainable fisheries as a proportion of GDP in small island developing States, least developed countries and all countries
 

Migration relevance and rationale:

  • Improving and diversifying livelihoods of communities dependent on marine resources to address this as a potential driver of migration. Migrants (including returned migrants) could also potentially contribute to this by introducing new knowledge, skills and technology to communities.

Custodian agency: FAO, UNEP-WCMC

Data sources: n/a - If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Sources:

IOM, 2018. Migration and the 2030 Agenda: Comprehensive SDG Target and Migration Correlation. International Organization for Migration (IOM), Geneva. 

The Global Goals: Resources

 

Tiers updated according to: 2023, United Nations Statistical Commission, Inter-agency Expert Group on SDG Indicators Tier Classification for SDG indicators (31 March 2023)

ODD 15 : VIE TERRESTRE

Dernière mise à jour le 26 Octobre 2023

Préserver et restaurer les écosystèmes terrestres, en veillant à les exploiter de façon durable, gérer durablement les forêts, lutter contre la désertification, enrayer et inverser le processus de dégradation des sols et mettre fin à l’appauvrissement de la biodiversité​​​​​

What do we know? 

 

Migration-relevant SDG targets and indicators

All indicators below are classified by the IAEG-SDGs into three tiers               based on their level of methodological development and the availability of data at global level, as outlined here.

Target 15.3 End desertification and restore degraded land

     15.3.1 Proportion of land that is degraded over total land area

 

Migration relevance and rationale:

  • Addressing displacement or migration of people due to desertification and land degradation (DLD).
  • Increasing migrant and diaspora investment into initiatives addressing DLD.

Data sources:

  • No data sources directly relating migration and land degradation.

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Sources:

IOM, 2018. Migration and the 2030 Agenda: Comprehensive SDG Target and Migration Correlation. International Organization for Migration (IOM), Geneva. 

The Global Goals: Resources

 

Tiers updated according to:

2023, United Nations Statistical Commission, Inter-agency Expert Group on SDG Indicators Tier Classification for SDG indicators (as of 31 March 2023)

ODD 16 : PAIX, JUSTICE ET INSTITUTIONS EFFICACES

Dernière mise à jour le 23 Novembre 2023

Promouvoir l’avènement de sociétés pacifiques et inclusives aux fins du développement durable, assurer l’accès de tous à la justice et mettre en place, à tous les niveaux, des institutions efficaces, responsables et ouvertes à tous

What do we know?

Cibles et indicateurs des ODD qui concernent la migration: 

Indicators below are classified by the IAEG-SDGs into three tiers               based on their level of methodological development and the availability of data at global level, as outlined here:

Target 16.1: Reduce violence everywhere

     Indicator: 16.1.1 - Number of victims of intentional homicide per 100,000 population, by sex and age

 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Reducing all forms of violence that may target migrants, including due to xenophobia or racism, as well as reducing violence and death incidence throughout the migration cycle, including for migrants in countries of crisis and as part of addressing the drivers of migration and displacement.

Custodian agency: UNODC, WHO

Data sources:

  • Criminal justice and public health/civil registration systems.
  • Note: care needs to be taken for the migration variable to use the same definition in sources used. 

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

 

     Indicator: 16.1.2 - Conflict-related deaths per 100,000 population, by sex, age and cause

 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Reducing all forms of violence that may target migrants, including due to xenophobia or racism, as well as reducing violence and death incidence throughout the migration cycle, including for migrants in countries of crisis and as part of addressing the drivers of migration and displacement.

Custodian agency: OHCHR

Data sources:

  • Civil registration, hospital records, security forces, police and other law enforcement agencies, health authorities, international organizations, CSOs and others.

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

 

     Indicator: 16.1.3 - Proportion of population subjected to physical, psychological or sexual violence in the previous 12 months
 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Reducing all forms of psychological and sexual violence that may target migrants, including due to xenophobia or racism, as well as reducing violence and death incidence throughout the migration cycle, including for migrants in countries of crisis and as part of addressing the drivers of migration and displacement.
  • One dimension that is always being mentioned is the domestic workers who are abused.
  • Note: This indicator does not really distinguish by the type of perpetrators  which is different from 5.2.1 and 5.2.2.

Custodian agency: UNODC

Data sources: Household surveys (see 5.2.1.)

Existing, relevant, disaggregated data:

Country/area Dataset indicator Last updated Dataset link Migration disaggregation
Spain Victims of gender-based violence by place of birth 2021 Instituto Nacional de Estadística By place of birth: born in Spain, born outside Spain, Europe, Africa, America, Asia and Oceania

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

 

     Indicator: 16.1.4 - Proportion of population that feel safe walking alone around the area they live after dark
 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status. 
  • Reducing all forms of violence that may target migrants, including due to xenophobia or racism, as well as reducing violence and death incidence throughout the migration cycle, including for migrants in countries of crisis and as part of addressing the drivers of migration and displacement.

Custodian agency: UNODC

Data sources: Victimization and other surveys.

Existing, relevant, disaggregated data:

Country/area Dataset indicator Last updated Dataset link Migration disaggregation
Switzerland Feeling of security by migration status 2021 Swiss Federal Statistical Office By migration status
New Zealand Proportion of migrants feeling safe/very safe walking alone in the neighborhood after dark, by migrant status and age group, in 2016–2017  2019 Statistics New Zealand By migrant status

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 16.2: Protect children from abuse, exploitation, trafficking and violence

     Indicator: 16.2.1 - Proportion of children aged 1–17 years who experienced any physical punishment and/or psychological aggression by caregivers in the past month
 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Combatting all forms of trafficking of children.
  • Addressing vulnerability and protecting the rights, well-being and interests of child migrants throughout the migration cycle, for example addressing the detention of migrant children, assisting unaccompanied migrant children.

Custodian agency: UNICEF

Data sources: Household surveys (e.g. MICS and DHS)

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

 

     Indicator: 16.2.2 - Number of victims of human trafficking per 100,000 population, by sex, age and form of exploitation
 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Combatting all forms of trafficking of children.
  • Addressing vulnerability and protecting the rights, well-being and interests of child migrants throughout the migration cycle, for example addressing the detention of migrant children, assisting unaccompanied migrant children.

Custodian agency: UNODC

Data sources: 

  • Data sources on detected cases include administrative records from criminal justice and other official sources such as police, social services, immigration and asylum, and border-control agencies.
  • Available data focuses on detected rather than undetected cases of trafficking in persons, meaning this is an underestimate.

Existing, relevant, disaggregated datasets:

Country/area Dataset indicator Last updated Dataset link
Niger

Victimes de traite des personnes 
(Victims of human trafficking)

2020 Les données sur la migration au Niger
South Africa Incidence of human trafficking for sexual purposes brought to police attention 2018 Goal Tracker South Africa
Global

Proportion of children among victims of trafficking identified by CTDC partners (by country of exploitation)

2002 – 2021 CTDC
Global Proportion of women among victims of trafficking identified by CTDC partners (by country of citizenship), 2002 – 2021 2002-2021 CTDC

 

     Indicator 16.2.3 - Proportion of young women and men aged 18–29 years who experienced sexual violence by age 18

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Combatting all forms of trafficking of children. Addressing vulnerability and protecting the rights, well-being and interests of child migrants throughout the migration cycle, for example addressing the detention of migrant children, assisting unaccompanied migrant children.

Data sources: Household surveys (e.g. MICS and DHS) (as 16.2.1)

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 16.3: Promote the rule of law and ensure equal access to justice for all

     Indicator: 16.3.1 - Proportion of victims of violence in the previous 12 months who reported their victimization to competent authorities or other officially recognized conflict resolution mechanisms
 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Improving access to justice, due process and equal legal treatment to address the needs and human rights of all migrant groups, including migrant workers, irregular migrants, victims of trafficking, asylum seekers and refugees, and as part of addressing the drivers of migration and displacement.
  • Regulating and monitoring migrant detention practices to comply with international law and standards, taking extra care to monitor and eradicate the detention of migrant minors.

Custodian agency: UNODC

Data sources:

  • Include victimization and other surveys, penitentiary and criminal justice records, and other data on intentional homicide. If disaggregated, this can monitor migrants’ trust and confidence in authorities. If surveys are used, it will be difficult to produce disaggregated, representative data.

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

 

     Indicator: 16.3.2 - Unsentenced detainees as a proportion of overall prison population

 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Improving access to justice, due process and equal legal treatment to address the needs and human rights of all migrant groups, including migrant workers, irregular migrants, victims of trafficking, asylum seekers and refugees, and as part of addressing the drivers of migration and displacement.
  • Regulating and monitoring migrant detention practices to comply with international law and standards, taking extra care to monitor and eradicate the detention of migrant minors.

Custodian agency: UNODC

Data sources:

  • Data sources include prison records. This can help monitor immigration detention (although access to facilities may be restricted) and could also be disaggregated by length of unsentenced detention.

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

 

     Indicator: 16.3.3 - Proportion of the population who have experienced a dispute in the past two years and who accessed a formal or informal dispute resolution mechanism, by type of mechanism

 

 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Improving access to justice, due process and equal legal treatment to address the needs and human rights of all migrant groups, including migrant workers, irregular migrants, victims of trafficking, asylum seekers and refugees, and as part of addressing the drivers of migration and displacement.
  • Regulating and monitoring migrant detention practices to comply with international law and standards, taking extra care to monitor and eradicate the detention of migrant minors.

Custodian agency: UNDP, OECD, UNODC

Data sources: 

  • Data sources include household surveys. This can help monitor migrants’ access to justice.
  • Disaggregation by type of mechanism can help assess the type of justice institutions and mechanisms available for migrants.

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 16.4: Combat organized crime and illicit financial and arms flows

Migration relevance and rationale: Tackling organized crime linked to smuggling, trafficking and the flow of forged identity and travel documents.

Data sources: tbc - if you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 16.6: Develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions

Migration relevance and rationale: Ensuring all migration or migration-related ministries and authorities, institutions and systems are accountable and transparent at all levels.

Data sources: tbc - if you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 16.7: Ensure responsive, inclusive and representative decision-making

Indicator 16.7.1 - Proportions of positions in national and local institutions, including     (a)the legislatures;     (b)the public service; and     (c)the judiciary, compared to national distributions, by sex, age, persons with disabilities and population groups
 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Participatory approaches that include migrants should be encouraged; all types of migrants should be proactively included in as many aspects of decision-making as possible related to migration and development.

Custodian agency: IPU, UNDP

Data sources:

  • Records from national parliaments, public institutions and national judiciary systems.
  • Metadata recommends disaggregating by nationally relevant population groups (groups with a distinct ethnicity, language, religion, indigenous status, nationality or other characteristics).

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.
 

     Indicator 16.7.2 - Proportion of population who believe decision-making is inclusive and responsive, by sex, age, disability and population group
 

Migration relevance and rationale:  

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Participatory approaches that include migrants should be encouraged; all types of migrants should be proactively included in as many aspects of decision-making as possible related to migration and development.

Custodian agency: UNDP

Data sources:

  • Household surveys. Metadata recommends disaggregating by nationally relevant population groups.
  • Note: When using internationally recommended survey questions, high-quality translation into various languages as well as appropriate enumerator training are needed, given this includes the idiom “to have a say”, which has different meanings in different languages.

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 16.9: Provide universal legal identity

     Indicator: 16.9.1 - Proportion of children under 5 years of age whose births have been registered with a civil authority, by age
 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Ensuring all migrant groups, particularly migrants’ children, are provided with the legal identity they are entitled to, helping eradicate statelessness and also facilitating access to health care, social protection, education and citizenship or permanent residence applications.

Custodian agency: UNSD, UNICEF

Data sources:

  • Civil registration, household surveys, censuses.
  • Note: Disaggregation by maternal migratory status could be useful.

Existing, relevant, disaggregated datasets:

Country/area Dataset indicator Last updated Dataset link Migration disaggregation
United Kingdom

Births by parents' country of birth, England and Wales

2021 UK Office of National Statistics Parents' country of birth

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 16.B: Promote and enforce non-discriminatory laws and policies

     Indicator 16.b.1 - Proportion of population reporting having personally felt discriminated against or harassed in the previous 12 months on the basis of a ground of discrimination prohibited under international human rights law

 

 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Data can be disaggregated by migratory status.
  • Proactively considering minorities and all types of migrants in non-discriminatory laws and policies.

Custodian agency: OHCHR

Data sources: see 10.3.1.

Existing, relevant, disaggregated data sources:

Country/area Dataset indicator Last updated Dataset link Migration disaggregation
Switzerland

Experience of racial discrimination by migration status

2022 Swiss Confederation Population with and without migration background
Belarus Percentage of women and men aged 15–49 who in the last 12 months have felt discriminated or harassed on selected grounds 2019 National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus and UNICEF Selected grounds includes: Ethnic or immigration origin
Central African Republic; Chad; Democratic Republic of the Congo; Lesotho; Tunisia; Zimbabwe Proportion of population reporting having felt discriminated against, by grounds of discrimination, sex and disability/Persons without disability/Ethnicity, colour, langauge/Both sexes (%) 2019 - Central African Republic; Chad; Zimbabwe
2018 - Democratic Republic of the Congo;  Lesotho; Tunisia;
ECASTATS Discrimination for ethnicity
Uzbekistan Percentage of women who in the last 12 months have felt discriminated against or harassed on the basis of ethnic or immigration origin 2021-2022 MICS UNICEF on the basis of ethnic or immigration origin
Malawi Percentage [of men and women] age 15-49 years who in the past 12 months have felt discriminated against or harassed and those who have not felt discriminated against or harassed on the basis of ethnic or immigration origin 2019-2020 MICS UNICEF on the basis of ethnic or immigration origin

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Sources:

Mosler Vidal, E. and F. Laczko, 2022. Migration and the SDGs: Measuring Progress – An Edited Volume. International Organization for Migration (IOM), Geneva.

Mosler Vidal, E., 2021. Leave No Migrant Behind: The 2030 Agenda and Data Disaggregation. International Organization for Migration (IOM), Geneva.

IOM, 2018. Migration and the 2030 Agenda: Comprehensive SDG Target and Migration Correlation. International Organization for Migration (IOM), Geneva. 

United Nations Statistics Division, Improving migration data in the context of the 2030 Agenda, 15 June 2017

The Global Goals: Resources

 

Tiers updated according to:

2023, United Nations Statistical Commission, Inter-agency Expert Group on SDG Indicators Tier Classification for SDG indicators (as of 31 March 2023)

ODD 17 : PARTENARIATS POUR LA RÉALISATION DES OBJECTIFS

Dernière mise à jour le 26 Octobre 2023

Renforcer les moyens de mettre en œuvre le Partenariat mondial pour le développement et le revitaliser.

Note: Target 17.18 explicitly mentions data disaggregated by migratory status

What do we know?

SDG 17 Human Mobility and Partnerships

 

Source: Migration for development, 2023

 

Cibles et indicateurs des ODD qui concernent la migration : 

 

Indicators below are classified by the IAEG-SDGs into three tiers               based on their level of methodological development and the availability of data at global level, as outlined here:

Target 17.3 Mobilize financial resources for developing countries

     Indicator: 17.3.2 Volume of remittances (in United States dollars) as a proportion of total GDP

 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Mobilizing all migration-related financial resources as appropriate, including remittance flows and diaspora investment.

Custodian agency: World Bank

Data sources: tbc

Examples of existing, relevant datasets:

Country/area Dataset indicator Last updated Dataset link
Global Cost of sending and receiving money (remittances) between countries 2023 World Bank
Africa (can be further disaggregated by region and country groupings) Volume of remittances (in US dollars) as a proportion of total GDP (%) 2020 ECASTATS

If you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 17.5: Invest in least developed countries

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Leveraging the investment potential of diaspora communities.

Data sources: tbc - if you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 17.9: Enhance SDG capacity in developing countries

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Participating in international dialogue and capacity-building on migration governance at local, national, regional and international levels, including cooperating on topics such as bilateral agreements and return migration.
  • Engaging in efforts to mainstream migration into development policy and programmes that build capacities of governments to more effectively manage migration.

Data sources: tbc - if you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 17.13: Enhance global macroeconomic stability

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Using, where appropriate, remittance flows, diaspora investment and foreign exchange to help achieve macroeconomic stability.

Data sources: tbc - if you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 17.14: Enhance policy coherence for sustainable development

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Enhancing vertical and horizontal policy coherence in all areas of migration governance and migration interventions and activities.
  • Encouraging the practice of migration mainstreaming in development planning.

Data sources: tbc - if you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 17.16 Enhance the global partnership for sustainable development

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Building and strengthening multi-stakeholder partnerships between international organizations, governments, civil society, private sector and others to improve migration governance and address cross-cutting migration issues, for example ethical recruitment, migrant health and cross-border health collaboration, and migration, environment and climate change linkages.
  • Strengthening the capacity of migrants themselves to be development partners.

Data sources: tbc - if you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 17.17: Encourage effective partnerships

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Building and strengthening public, public–private and civil society partnerships to improve migration governance and address cross-cutting migration issues, and mobilizing resources this way.

Data sources: tbc - if you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Target 17.18: Enhance availability of reliable data... [migratory status]

"By 2020, enhance capacity-building support to developing countries, including for least developed countries and small island developing States, to increase significantly the availability of high-quality, timely and reliable data disaggregated by income, gender, age, race, ethnicity, migratory status, disability, geographic location and other characteristics relevant in national contexts"

 

Indicator: 17.18.1 - Proportion of sustainable development indicators produced at the national level with full disaggregation when relevant to the target, in accordance with the Fundamental Principles of Official Statistics.
 

Migration relevance and rationale: 

  • Strengthening systems and processes around migration data collection, exchange, monitoring, analysing and reporting at all levels of government as well as with other actors, for example publishing data on a regular basis on migration-related topics, monitoring implementation of local and national legislation and policies on migration.
  • Building local and national capacity to improve migration data in the future, for example training researchers, statisticians and research institutions to research and monitor migration topics. Improving collection and disaggregation of development and other types of data (for example in education and health) by migration-related variables such as migratory status.

Custodian agency: n/a.

Data sources: tbc - if you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

 

     Indicator: 17.18.2 - Number of countries that have national statistical legislation that complies with the Fundamental Principles of Official Statistics.

Migration relevance and rationale:  [see 17.18.1]

Data sources: tbc if you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

 

     Indicator: 17.18.3 - Number of countries with a national statistical plan that is fully funded and under implementation, by source of funding.

Migration relevance and rationale: [see 17.18.1]

Custodian agency: PARIS21

Data sources: tbc - if you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

17.19 Further develop measurements of progress

Migration relevance and rationale: Strengthening statistical systems and processes around migration data. Supporting statistical and all migration data-related capacity-building for developing countries.

Data sources: tbc - if you know of data we should include here, please contact the team.

Sources:

IOM, 2018. Migration and the 2030 Agenda: Comprehensive SDG Target and Migration Correlation. International Organization for Migration (IOM), Geneva. 

Migration for Sustainable Development, 2023. SDG 17: Data and Measuring Results. IOM.

The Global Goals: Resources

 

Tiers updated according to:

2023, United Nations Statistical Commission, Inter-agency Expert Group on SDG Indicators Tier Classification for SDG indicators (as of 31 March 2023)