Labour migration

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In 2019, there were 169 million international migrant workers in the world and they constituted 4.9 per cent of the global labour force in the destination countries (ILO, 2021). These international migrant workers made up approximately 69 per cent of the world’s international migrant population of working age (aged 15 and over) in 2019  (ILO, 2021). 

Crossing national borders to work is one of the key motivations behind international migration, whether driven by economic inequalities, seeking employment, or both. The additional impact of economic, political and environmental crises and shifting demographics, with ageing populations in some parts of the world and a “youth bulge” in others, contribute to rising labour migration (Ozel et al., 2017).  


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