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Afghanistan: Migration statistics, policy and news

Afghanistan’s recent security developments have implications for migration and mobility on a nation that has already experienced more than 40 years of conflict, persistent natural disasters, chronic poverty and food insecurity. 

The reports, data, and news on this page are a collection of public source information pertaining to Afghanistan and are relevant to a wide range of migration topics. The featured content does not constitute an endorsement of the content nor reflect the views of IOM, its donors and its partners.

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Gender

Gender shapes every stage of the migration experience. For Afghan women and girls, gender-based discrimination and violence as well as a disproportionate impact from the decades-long economic and political instability have been strong drivers of migration and displacement. For other gender groups, gender-based persecution influences their reasons to migrate.

Afghanistan Media Section
Media Centre

The unfolding humanitarian crisis in Afghanistan has taken center stage in international media, including coverage on migration statistics. Visit our media centre to stay up to date on the latest news related to migration within and from Afghanistan and explore other useful resources. 

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Missing Migrants

IOM has recorded the deaths of more than 900 Afghans on migratory routes across Asia and Europe since 2014. It is likely that many more go unrecorded. 

Data - Facts and Figures

Click on the infographic for details and to access the Global Migration Data Portal's interactive dashboard for more data on Afghanistan.

IOM operational data and analysis
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IOM operational data

With its strong field presence in Central and South Asia, IOM collects and analyses data on Afghanistan relevant human mobility. From longitudinal surveys to baseline mobility assessments, data collection efforts cover topics like Afghan returnees, IDPs, drivers of migration and more.

Spotlights
Gender
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Missing Migrants
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Policy Response
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Humanitarian Response
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Diaspora

Afghan communities spread throughout the world play an important role in shaping the flow of people leaving Afghanistan. From providing aid, relief measures and sharing information, diasporas are a crucial tool for development. 

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Media centre

The unfolding humanitarian crisis in Afghanistan has taken center stage in international media, including coverage on migration statistics. Visit our media centre to stay up to date on the latest news related to migration within and from Afghanistan and explore other useful resources. 

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Useful links
Featured Resource

At this joint IOM Migration Research Division and IHEID Global Migration Centre webinar on “Afghanistan, Displacement and Migration: What Do Recent Events Mean For Future Dynamics in the Region?”, experts on Afghan migration will critically examine the events under way in Afghanistan and explore the implications for migration and displacement in the region, and beyond.


 

 

Disclaimer: This webpage curates public information and data. The opinions expressed in this webpage are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the International Organization for Migration (IOM), nor its Member States and other stakeholders. The designations employed and the presentation of material throughout the webpage do not imply expression of any opinion or endorsement whatsoever on the part of IOM, its Member States and other stakeholders concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning its frontiers or boundaries. While the Portal section "Afghanistan: Migration statistics, policy and news" has been made possible with funding from the German Federal Foreign Office, the contents on this section do not necessarily reflect its official policy or position.

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