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Afghanistan: Migration statistics, policy and news

Afghanistan’s recent security developments have implications for migration and mobility on a nation that has already experienced more than 40 years of conflict, persistent natural disasters, chronic poverty and food insecurity. 

The reports, data, and news on this page are a collection of public source information pertaining to Afghanistan and are relevant to a wide range of migration topics. The featured content does not constitute an endorsement of the content nor reflect the views of IOM, its donors and its partners.

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Gender

Gender shapes every stage of the migration experience. For Afghan women and girls, gender-based discrimination and violence as well as a disproportionate impact from the decades-long economic and political instability have been strong drivers of migration and displacement. For other gender groups, gender-based persecution influences their reasons to migrate.

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Media Centre

The unfolding humanitarian crisis in Afghanistan has taken center stage in international media, including coverage on migration statistics. Visit our media centre to stay up to date on the latest news related to migration within and from Afghanistan and explore other useful resources. 

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Missing Migrants

IOM has recorded the deaths of nearly 1,400 Afghans on migratory routes across Asia and Europe since 2014. It is likely that many more go unrecorded. 

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Data
Operational Data

With its strong field presence in Central and South Asia, IOM and other UN agencies collect and analyze data on human mobility relevant to Afghanistan. From longitudinal surveys to baseline mobility assessments, data collection efforts cover topics like Afghan returnees, IDPs, drivers of migration and more.

Data Corner
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Missing Migrants

IOM has recorded the deaths of more than 1,500 Afghans on migratory routes across Asia and Europe since 2014. It is likely that many more go unrecorded. 

Internal Displacement
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DTM EET Update
Operational Data
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Click on the infographic for details and to access the Global Migration Data Portal's interactive dashboard for more data on Afghanistan.

Policy Response
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Humanitarian Response
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Gender
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Diaspora
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Media Centre
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Events and Discussions
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Events

Disclaimer: This webpage curates public information and data. The opinions expressed in this webpage are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the International Organization for Migration (IOM), nor its Member States and other stakeholders. The designations employed and the presentation of material throughout the webpage do not imply expression of any opinion or endorsement whatsoever on the part of IOM, its Member States and other stakeholders concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning its frontiers or boundaries. While the portal section "Afghanistan: Migration statistics, policy and news" has been made possible with funding from the German Federal Foreign Office and the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (FDFA) Switzerland, the contents on this section do not necessarily reflect their official policy or position.

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