Migrants who reach Europe by regular means are covered by administrative records of European States and their relatively efficient system of public statistics. With the development of search and rescue operations on the high seas and tightened control of the Italian and Maltese shores, flows of irregular trans-Mediterranean migration are also relatively well known in terms of size and composition, except for those who do not reach Europe because they were returned to Africa or died at sea.
But what do we know about the much larger numbers of international migrants, bound for Europe or not, in West Africa and the Maghreb?
Read and download the full report "Migration in West and North Africa and across the Mediterranean: Trends, risks, development, governance". The edited volume, featuring contributions from IOM offices, other international and civil society organisations and African and European research institutes, was produced under the programme Safety, Support and Solutions on the Central Mediterranean Route, funded by the UK Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO).
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