About the Migration Governance Indicators
About the Migration Governance Indicators
Migrants' rights
Migrants' rights

Indicators in this domain assess the extent to which migrants have the same status as citizens in terms of access to basic social services such as health, education, and social security. It also describes the rights of migrants to family reunification, to work, and to residency and citizenship. The ratification of the main international conventions is also included within this domain.

Indicators in this category look at the extent to which migrants have access to certain social services such as health, education and social security. They also examine measures to ensure integration and access to work.

Whole of government approach
Whole of government approach

Indicators in this domain assess countries’ institutional, legal, and regulatory frameworks related to migration policies. Domain 2 also reviews the existence of national migration strategies that are in-line with development, as well as institutional transparency and coherence in relation to migration management. This domain also investigates the extent to which governments collect and use migration data.

Indicators in this category assess the institutional frameworks of cities for migration. This area also examines the existence of migration strategies consistent with development objectives, as well as institutional transparency and coherence in migration management.

Partnerships
Partnerships

This domain focuses on countries’ efforts to cooperate on migration-related issues with other states and with relevant non-governmental actors, including civil society organizations and the private sector. Cooperation can lead to improvements in governance by aligning and raising standards, increasing dialogue and providing structures to overcome challenges.

Indicators in this category focus on cities’ efforts to cooperate on migration issues with the national government as well as other cities and relevant non-governmental actors, including civil society organizations and the private sector.

Well-being of migrants
Well-being of migrants

This domain includes indicators on countries’ policies for managing the socioeconomic well-being of migrants, through aspects such as the recognition of migrants’ educational and professional qualifications, provisions regulating student migration and the existence of bilateral labour agreements between countries. Indicators equally focus on policies and strategies related to diaspora engagement and migrant remittances.

Indicators in this category assess cities’ initiatives in terms of international student mobility, access to the labour market and decent working conditions for migrant workers. Aspects related to diaspora engagement and migrant remittances are also included in this domain.

Mobility dimensions of crises
Mobility dimensions of crises

This domain studies the type and level of preparedness of countries when they are faced with mobility dimensions of crises, linked to either disasters, the environment and/or conflict. The questions are used to identify the processes in place for nationals and non-nationals both during and after disasters, including whether humanitarian assistance is equally available to migrants as it is to citizens.

Indicators in this category examine the type and level of readiness of cities to deal with aspects of mobility crises. The questions focus on the processes in place for citizens and non-citizens both during and after disasters, especially if humanitarian assistance is available for migrants and citizens.

Safe, orderly and regular migration
Safe, orderly and regular migration

This domain analyses countries’ approach to migration management in terms of border control and enforcement policies, admission criteria for migrants, preparedness and resilience in the case of significant and unexpected migration flows, as well as the fight against trafficking in human beings and smuggling of migrants. It also assesses efforts and incentives to help integrate returning citizens.

Indicators in this category look at the cities’ approaches to migrant safety as well as return and reintegration policies and the fight against trafficking in persons.

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Key findings
Introduction

This country Profile describes examples of well-developed areas of the Town of Beitbridge (Zimbabwe) migration governance structures and areas with potential for further development, as evaluated through the six domains of the Migration Governance Indicators (MGI). These address migrants’ rights, a “whole-of-government” approach, partnerships, socioeconomic well-being of migrants, the mobility dimensions of crises, and safe and orderly migration.

Click the icons on the wheel to explore the key findings.

The Migration Governance Indicators (MGI) initiative is a policy-benchmarking programme led by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and implemented with research and analysis from the Economist Intelligence Unit. Funding is provided by IOM Member States.

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Key findings
Migrants' rights

Migration Governance: examples of well-developed areas

  • Beitbridge Town Council (BTC) runs two local medical clinics that offers all those below the age of 5 years and over the age of 65, including migrants, free access to services.
  • Both Nationals and non-nationals pay the same fees and have equal access to the two schools run by BTC.
  • The Beitbridge Reception and Support Centre  provides shelter to unaccompanied minors, working with the Department of Social Development and the Child Protection Society non-governmental organization.

Areas with potential for further development

  • BTC offers no assistance to those who wish to migrate.
  • Beitbridge has no strategy to combat hate crimes, violence, xenophobia or discrimination against migrants.
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Key findings
Whole of government approach

Areas with potential for further development

  • There is no local agency or department responsible for designing migration policies or strategic plans.
  • Local authorities have no measures to enhance the overall vertical policy coherence on migration-related issues.
  • Beitbridge does not have an agency or department tasked with coordinating efforts to engage with diaspora groups present within its jurisdiction.
  • Migration data is not collected and published at the local level.
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Key findings
Partnerships

Migration Governance: examples of well-developed areas

  • Beitbridge Town Council (BTC) cooperates with various non-governmental organizations (NGOs) on migration-related issues.
  • BTC works with international organizations such as IOM and UNHCR for capacity-building, knowledge development and data collection on migration issues.

Areas with potential for further development

  • BTC does not formally engage members of the diaspora and expatriate communities in agenda-setting and the implementation of migration-related programmes and policies
  • There are no bilateral engagements between BTC and any other local authorities in Zimbabwe.
  • Beitbridge is not part of any international network for knowledge or best practice exchange on migration issues.
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Key findings
Well-being of migrants

Areas with potential for further development

  • Beitbridge does not have a local-level assessment for monitoring the local labour market demand for and supply of migrants as well as the effects of emigration on the local labour market.
  • There are no programmes or measures at the local level to support foreign residents in relation to entrepreneurship.
  • There are no measures in place at the local level to promote gender equality generally or for migrants in the labour force.
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Key findings
Mobility dimensions of crises

Migration Governance: examples of well-developed areas

  • The Beitbridge District Disaster Risk Management Plan (2019–2022) includes provisions for displacements occasioned by floods.
  • Beitbridge Town Council and the local offices of the Department of Social Development implement measures to protect children, unaccompanied minors and children left behind, including during disasters.

Areas with potential for further development

  • The Beitbridge District Disaster Risk Management Plan outlines the risks associated with climate change-induced disaster but does not address migration issues linked to environmental degradation and the adverse effects of climate change.
  • There is no local development strategy in Beitbridge, and the town has no dedicated strategy regarding displacement.
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Key findings
Safe, orderly and regular migration

Migration Governance: examples of well-developed areas

  • All migrants have access to justice, including public safety on an equal basis as nationals in Beitbridge.
  • Beitbridge Town Council and local offices of the central Government use existing national systems to facilitate the arrival and settlement of refugee populations in Beitbridge.

Areas with potential for further development

  • Civil servants at the local level do not receive regular training on migration issues.
  • There are no measures to combat human trafficking at the local level in Beitbridge.
  • There are no specific local-level measures to combat migrant labour exploitation.

2022 March

Migration Governance Profile: Town of Beitbridge