About the Migration Governance Indicators
About the Migration Governance Indicators
Migrants' rights
Migrants' rights

Indicators in this domain assess the extent to which migrants have the same status as citizens in terms of access to basic social services such as health, education, and social security. It also describes the rights of migrants to family reunification, to work, and to residency and citizenship. The ratification of the main international conventions is also included within this domain.

Indicators in this category look at the extent to which migrants have access to certain social services such as health, education and social security. They also examine measures to ensure integration and access to work.

Whole of government approach
Whole of government approach

Indicators in this domain assess countries’ institutional, legal, and regulatory frameworks related to migration policies. Domain 2 also reviews the existence of national migration strategies that are in-line with development, as well as institutional transparency and coherence in relation to migration management. This domain also investigates the extent to which governments collect and use migration data.

Indicators in this category assess the institutional frameworks of cities for migration. This area also examines the existence of migration strategies consistent with development objectives, as well as institutional transparency and coherence in migration management.

Partnerships
Partnerships

This domain focuses on countries’ efforts to cooperate on migration-related issues with other states and with relevant non-governmental actors, including civil society organizations and the private sector. Cooperation can lead to improvements in governance by aligning and raising standards, increasing dialogue and providing structures to overcome challenges.

Indicators in this category focus on cities’ efforts to cooperate on migration issues with the national government as well as other cities and relevant non-governmental actors, including civil society organizations and the private sector.

Well-being of migrants
Well-being of migrants

This domain includes indicators on countries’ policies for managing the socioeconomic well-being of migrants, through aspects such as the recognition of migrants’ educational and professional qualifications, provisions regulating student migration and the existence of bilateral labour agreements between countries. Indicators equally focus on policies and strategies related to diaspora engagement and migrant remittances.

Indicators in this category assess cities’ initiatives in terms of international student mobility, access to the labour market and decent working conditions for migrant workers. Aspects related to diaspora engagement and migrant remittances are also included in this domain.

Mobility dimensions of crises
Mobility dimensions of crises

This domain studies the type and level of preparedness of countries when they are faced with mobility dimensions of crises, linked to either disasters, the environment and/or conflict. The questions are used to identify the processes in place for nationals and non-nationals both during and after disasters, including whether humanitarian assistance is equally available to migrants as it is to citizens.

Indicators in this category examine the type and level of readiness of cities to deal with aspects of mobility crises. The questions focus on the processes in place for citizens and non-citizens both during and after disasters, especially if humanitarian assistance is available for migrants and citizens.

Safe, orderly and regular migration
Safe, orderly and regular migration

This domain analyses countries’ approach to migration management in terms of border control and enforcement policies, admission criteria for migrants, preparedness and resilience in the case of significant and unexpected migration flows, as well as the fight against trafficking in human beings and smuggling of migrants. It also assesses efforts and incentives to help integrate returning citizens.

Indicators in this category look at the cities’ approaches to migrant safety as well as return and reintegration policies and the fight against trafficking in persons.

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Key findings
Introduction

This country Profile describes examples of well-developed areas of the City of Mutare (Zimbabwe) migration governance structures and areas with potential for further development, as evaluated through the six domains of the Migration Governance Indicators (MGI). These address migrants’ rights, a “whole-of-government” approach, partnerships, socioeconomic well-being of migrants, the mobility dimensions of crises, and safe and orderly migration.

Click the icons on the wheel to explore the key findings.

The Migration Governance Indicators (MGI) initiative is a policy-benchmarking programme led by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and implemented with research and analysis from the Economist Intelligence Unit. Funding is provided by IOM Member States.

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Key findings
Migrants' rights

Migration Governance: examples of well-developed areas

  • The Mutare City Council’s (MCC) health services are accessible to all migrants on the same basis as nationals.
  • Both nationals and migrants have equal access to the six primary schools run by the city of Mutare, under the same school fees regime.

Areas with potential for further development

  • Only nationals have access to social housing in Mutare.
  • MCC has no strategy to combat hate crimes, violence, xenophobia or discrimination against migrants.
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Key findings
Whole of government approach

Areas with potential for further development

  • There is no local agency or department responsible for designing migration policies or strategic plans.
  • Local authorities have no measures to enhance the overall vertical policy coherence on migration-related issues.
  • Mutare City Council (MCC) does not collect or publish any population data, including any migration data.
  • MCC does not have an agency tasked with coordinating efforts to engage with diaspora groups within its jurisdiction.
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Key findings
Partnerships

Migration Governance: examples of well-developed areas

  • Mutare City Council cooperates on issues related to migration with several intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations – including IOM, UNHCR and UNFP.

Areas with potential for further development

  • The city of Mutare has no specific strategy to formally engage civil society organizations in agenda-setting and the implementation of migration-related policies and programmes.
  • There is no formal and regular engagement between local authorities in Mutare and academia in migration policy formulation or implementation.
  • The City of Mutare is also not part of any national or international city to city or network for knowledge or best practice exchange on migration issues.
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Key findings
Well-being of migrants

Areas with potential for further development

  • Mutare does not have local-level assessments for monitoring the local labour market demand for and supply of migrants and the effects of emigration on the local labour market.
  • Mutare has not established specific measures to promote gender equality for migrants in the labour force.
  • There are no locally developed measures that promote the ethical recruitment of migrant workers in Mutare.
  • There are no local programmes designed to facilitate financial inclusion and support financial literacy specifically for migrants and their families.
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Key findings
Mobility dimensions of crises

Migration Governance: examples of well-developed areas

  • Mutare activates coordination mechanisms with key national actors to assist migrants in the city in the event of local emergencies.
  • Mutare City Council has a communication system to provide information during emergencies in real time accessible to all residents.

Areas with potential for further development

  • The Mutare District Emergency Preparedness and Response Plan (2019) does not account for human mobility, including the specific needs of migrants and displaced persons or the management of large-scale population movements.
  • There are no local-level strategies in place for addressing migration linked to environmental degradation and the adverse effects of climate change.
  • The Mutare District Emergency Preparedness and Response Plan does not provide measures for post-crisis recovery.
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Key findings
Safe, orderly and regular migration

Migration Governance: examples of well-developed areas

  • Migrants in Mutare have equal access to all protection and justice mechanisms as nationals.

The city of Mutare operationalizes the National Referral Mechanism for Vulnerable Migrants in Zimbabwe (2018), which outlines the entire asylum seeker and refugee management system.

Areas with potential for further development

  • Civil servants at the local level do not receive regular training on migration issues.
  • There are no specific measures to combat human trafficking at the local level in Mutare.
  • There are no specific local measures to combat the exploitation of migrant workers.

2022 March

Migration Governance Profile: City of Mutare