This section gives an overview of currently available data on people on the move from and inside Ukraine: refugees, Third Country Nationals (TCNs), IDPs, vulnerable groups on the move, and data on missing migrants.
Last updated on 9 January 2023
Refugees and Asylum Seekers
Individual refugees from Ukraine recorded across Europe since 24 February 2022, as of 3 January: 7,915,287 (UNHCR, 2022).
At the end of 2021, Ukraine hosted approximately 5,000 refugees and asylum-seekers. 
Globally, there were 46,988 refugees and asylum-seekers – 27,562 refugees and 19,426 asylum-seekers – from Ukraine as of end-2021. While the Russian Federation hosted more than 52 per cent of all Ukrainian refugees, nine OECD countries hosted more than 93 per cent of all Ukrainian asylum-seekers at the end of 2021. 
Third Country Nationals (TCNs)
An estimated 5 million migrants lived in Ukraine as of mid-year 2020 (UN DESA, 2020), and 76,548 international students from 155 countries in 2020 (Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, n.d.).
Since 24 February 2022, it is estimated that more than 592,000 third country nationals (TCNs) have fled Ukraine (as of 28 December 2022).
Emotional scenes in Quito, Ecuador, as the relatives of nearly 450 people who fled the war in Ukraine were reunited with their loved ones. IOM provided assistance to returnees aboard the flights organized by the government. Photo IOM/ Ramiro Aguilar
The International Organization for Migration (IOM) had assists TCNs fleeing the war in Ukraine to return home.
Source: IOM's YouTube Channel, 2022. Third-Country Nationals fleeing the war in Ukraine assisted to return home.
Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs)
As of 5 December, there are now an estimated 5.9 million persons internally displaced within Ukraine (IOM, 2022). Since 26 October there has been a decrease of 626,000 IDPs.
Previous representative assessments of the general population found that there were an estimated
- 6.54 million IDPS within Ukraine as of 26 October 2022 (IOM, 2022a).
- 6.2 million IDPs within Ukraine as of 23 September 2022 (IOM, 2022b).
- 6.97 million IDPs within Ukraine as of 23 August 2022 (IOM, 2022c).
- 6.64 million IDPs within Ukraine as of 23 July 2022 (IOM, 2022d).
- 6.27 million IDPs within Ukraine as of 23 June 2022 (IOM, 2022e).
- 7.1 million IDPs within Ukraine as of 23 May 2022 (IOM, 2022f).
- 8 million IDPs within Ukraine as of 3 May 2022 (IOM, 2022g).
- 7.7 million IDPs within Ukraine as of 17 April 2022 (IOM, 2022h).
- 7.14 million IDPS within Ukraine as of 1 April 2022 (IOM, 2022i).
- 6.48 million IDPs within Ukraine as of 16 March 2022 (IOM, 2022j).
Source: IOM, 2022, as of 5 December 2022.
734,000 people – most of whom were displaced in 2014 and 2015 following the annexation of Crimea and instability in Donetsk and Luhansk regions – continued to live in internal displacement as of 31 December 2020.  According to the Ministry of Social Policy in Ukraine, the the total number of people living in internal displacement was as high as nearly 1.5 million as of 1 January 2021. In 2020, an additional 2,000 people were newly displaced internally due to disasters.
Deaths during attempted emigration from Ukraine
As of 12 May 2022, IOM’s MISSING MIGRANTS PROJECT has recorded the deaths of 17 people fleeing Ukraine since 24 February 2022. It is likely that more go unrecorded, particularly as distinguishing conflict-related deaths from those attempting to flee the country is challenging.
27 February: a 64-year-old Ukrainian man died due to cardiac arrest at the Palanca border crossing in Moldova.
28 February: an Israeli man attempting to reach the Moldova border was fatally shot some 95km south of Kyiv while driving in a convoy.
5 March: a 61-year-old Ukrainian woman died of a respiratory arrest due to an epileptic seizure while waiting to be admitted into Hungary.
10 March: a boat capsized in Kyiv reservoir, Ukraine during an attempt to flee the country, whereas eight drowned: two dead including a 60-year-old Ukrainian woman, and six missing, including her 4-year-old grandson.
13 March: a Ukrainian woman died after the bus she was travelling along with other Ukrainian refugees overturned in Italy
23 March: a 64-year-old Ukrainian woman has died from blood clots due to immobility while traveling at a gas station in Tàrrega, Spain.
6 April: a Ukrainian man was found dead in a ravine in Pop Ivan Massif Maramureș region at the Romania-Ukraine border of presumed hypothermia.
7 April: a Ukrainian woman died at La Fe Hospital in Valencia, Spain from injuries she encountered in a vehicle accident on 28 March after arriving from Ukraine.
5 May: 2 Ukrainian men are believed to have lost their lives after attempting to reach Romania via the Tisza river crossing. The body of one man was recovered, while the other remains missing and is presumed dead.
Vulnerabilities of people on the move from Ukraine
On 24 February, Ukraine imposed a temporary regulation for the period of martial law restricting male citizens in the age group 18-60 years from leaving the country. This regulation has also had crucial impacts on the arrival of more vulnerable people with special protection needs, such as women, children, unaccompanied minors, elderly, wounded or sick people. Reports suggest that these groups are in urgent need of short-term and long-term protection measures, including combatting human trafficking, towards child protection and emergency medical care and psychosocial support.
Third country nationals trying to leave conflict-affected areas, including migrant workers and students who have been living in Ukraine, have reported that they experienced discrimination, racism, verbal and physical violence (OHCHR, 2022; IOM, 2022). As of 9 March, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) had assisted nearly 100 TCNs fleeing the war in Ukraine to return home. On 18 March, IOM reported that the organization had assisted 123 Azeris fleeing Ukraine to return to Azerbaijan.