About the Migration Governance Indicators
About the Migration Governance Indicators
Migrants' rights
Migrants' rights

Indicators in this domain assess the extent to which migrants have the same status as citizens in terms of access to basic social services such as health, education, and social security. It also describes the rights of migrants to family reunification, to work, and to residency and citizenship. The ratification of the main international conventions is also included within this domain.

Indicators in this category look at the extent to which migrants have access to certain social services such as health, education and social security. They also examine measures to ensure integration and access to work.

Whole of government approach
Whole of government approach

Indicators in this domain assess countries’ institutional, legal, and regulatory frameworks related to migration policies. Domain 2 also reviews the existence of national migration strategies that are in-line with development, as well as institutional transparency and coherence in relation to migration management. This domain also investigates the extent to which governments collect and use migration data.

Indicators in this category assess the institutional frameworks of cities for migration. This area also examines the existence of migration strategies consistent with development objectives, as well as institutional transparency and coherence in migration management.

Partnerships
Partnerships

This domain focuses on countries’ efforts to cooperate on migration-related issues with other states and with relevant non-governmental actors, including civil society organizations and the private sector. Cooperation can lead to improvements in governance by aligning and raising standards, increasing dialogue and providing structures to overcome challenges.

Indicators in this category focus on cities’ efforts to cooperate on migration issues with the national government as well as other cities and relevant non-governmental actors, including civil society organizations and the private sector.

Well-being of migrants
Well-being of migrants

This domain includes indicators on countries’ policies for managing the socioeconomic well-being of migrants, through aspects such as the recognition of migrants’ educational and professional qualifications, provisions regulating student migration and the existence of bilateral labour agreements between countries. Indicators equally focus on policies and strategies related to diaspora engagement and migrant remittances.

Indicators in this category assess cities’ initiatives in terms of international student mobility, access to the labour market and decent working conditions for migrant workers. Aspects related to diaspora engagement and migrant remittances are also included in this domain.

Mobility dimensions of crises
Mobility dimensions of crises

This domain studies the type and level of preparedness of countries when they are faced with mobility dimensions of crises, linked to either disasters, the environment and/or conflict. The questions are used to identify the processes in place for nationals and non-nationals both during and after disasters, including whether humanitarian assistance is equally available to migrants as it is to citizens.

Indicators in this category examine the type and level of readiness of cities to deal with aspects of mobility crises. The questions focus on the processes in place for citizens and non-citizens both during and after disasters, especially if humanitarian assistance is available for migrants and citizens.

Safe, orderly and regular migration
Safe, orderly and regular migration

This domain analyses countries’ approach to migration management in terms of border control and enforcement policies, admission criteria for migrants, preparedness and resilience in the case of significant and unexpected migration flows, as well as the fight against trafficking in human beings and smuggling of migrants. It also assesses efforts and incentives to help integrate returning citizens.

Indicators in this category look at the cities’ approaches to migrant safety as well as return and reintegration policies and the fight against trafficking in persons.

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Key findings
Introduction

This country Profile describes examples of well-developed areas of the Town of Plumtree (Zimbabwe) migration governance structures and areas with potential for further development, as evaluated through the six domains of the Migration Governance Indicators (MGI). These address migrants’ rights, a “whole-of-government” approach, partnerships, socioeconomic well-being of migrants, the mobility dimensions of crises, and safe and orderly migration.

Click the icons on the wheel to explore the key findings.

The Migration Governance Indicators (MGI) initiative is a policy-benchmarking programme led by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and implemented with research and analysis from the Economist Intelligence Unit. Funding is provided by IOM Member States.

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Key findings
Migrants' rights

Migration Governance: examples of well-developed areas

  • Plumtree Town Council (PTC) provides access to Government-funded emergency health services for all migrants on the same conditions as nationals.
  • PTC runs three schools – one secondary and two primary – and migrants have access to these on the same basis as nationals.
  • Plumtree’s multi-stakeholder District Child Protection Committee ensures the protection of all children including migrant children.

Areas with potential for further development

  • Migrants have no access to social housing at the local level.
  • There is no formal orientation or welcome programme for migrants.
  • Plumtree does not have a strategy to combat hate crimes, violence, xenophobia and discrimination against migrants.
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Key findings
Whole of government approach

Migration Governance: examples of well-developed areas

  • Plumtree established the multi-stakeholder Local Migration Management Committee to coordinate migration issues.

Areas with potential for further development

  • Plumtree does not have a local migration policy in place.
  • Plumtree Town Council has no agency or department tasked with coordinating efforts to engage with diaspora groups present within its jurisdiction.
  • Plumtree Town Council officials are not trained on cultural sensitivity or migration-related issues.
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Key findings
Partnerships

Migration Governance: examples of well-developed areas

  • Plumtree Town Council (PTC) cooperates with some non-governmental organizations on migration-related issues.
  • PTC works closely with IOM on migration issues such as capacity-building on disaster risk management and awareness campaigns on fighting human smuggling and trafficking.

Areas with potential for further development

  • Plumtree is not part of any international network for knowledge or best practice exchange on migration issues.
  • PTC has not concluded any bilateral engagement in migration-related issues with other local authorities in Zimbabwe.
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Key findings
Well-being of migrants

Areas with potential for further development

  • Plumtree does not monitor the local labour market demand for and supply of migrants as well as the effects of emigration on the local labour market.
  • There are no local programmes or initiatives in place to support foreign residents in entrepreneurship.
  • Plumtree has no strategy or programme to reduce or monitor the costs of sending and receiving remittances.
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Key findings
Mobility dimensions of crises

Migration Governance: examples of well-developed areas

  • Plumtree Town Council (PTC) and the local offices of government departments use the established national systems to support all migrants in times of crisis.
  • PTC implements the Mangwe District Disaster Preparedness and Response Plan (2019) that contains provisions for mitigating the displacement impacts of cyclone and flooding disasters.

Areas with potential for further development

  • Plumtree does not have strategies in place for addressing migration linked to environmental degradation and the adverse effects of climate change.
  • Local authorities do not have contingency plans in place to manage large-scale population movements in times of crisis.
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Key findings
Safe, orderly and regular migration

Migration Governance: examples of well-developed areas

  • Migrants in Plumtree have equal access as nationals to justice, public safety and protection.
  • Plumtree Town Council and local offices of the central Government use existing national systems to facilitate the arrival and settlement of refugee populations in Plumtree.

Areas with potential for further development:

  • Plumtree does not implement training programmes for local public servants on migration issues and migrants’ rights.
  • There is no local government programme that focuses on facilitating migrant reintegration.
  • There are no measures to combat human trafficking at the local level.

2022 February

Migration Governance Profile: Town of Plumtree