About the Migration Governance Indicators
About the Migration Governance Indicators
Migrants' rights
Migrants' rights

Indicators in this domain assess the extent to which migrants have the same status as citizens in terms of access to basic social services such as health, education, and social security. It also describes the rights of migrants to family reunification, to work, and to residency and citizenship. The ratification of the main international conventions is also included within this domain.

Indicators in this category look at the extent to which migrants have access to certain social services such as health, education and social security. They also examine measures to ensure integration and access to work.

Whole of government approach
Whole of government approach

Indicators in this domain assess countries’ institutional, legal, and regulatory frameworks related to migration policies. Domain 2 also reviews the existence of national migration strategies that are in-line with development, as well as institutional transparency and coherence in relation to migration management. This domain also investigates the extent to which governments collect and use migration data.

Indicators in this category assess the institutional frameworks of cities for migration. This area also examines the existence of migration strategies consistent with development objectives, as well as institutional transparency and coherence in migration management.

Partnerships
Partnerships

This domain focuses on countries’ efforts to cooperate on migration-related issues with other states and with relevant non-governmental actors, including civil society organizations and the private sector. Cooperation can lead to improvements in governance by aligning and raising standards, increasing dialogue and providing structures to overcome challenges.

Indicators in this category focus on cities’ efforts to cooperate on migration issues with the national government as well as other cities and relevant non-governmental actors, including civil society organizations and the private sector.

Well-being of migrants
Well-being of migrants

This domain includes indicators on countries’ policies for managing the socioeconomic well-being of migrants, through aspects such as the recognition of migrants’ educational and professional qualifications, provisions regulating student migration and the existence of bilateral labour agreements between countries. Indicators equally focus on policies and strategies related to diaspora engagement and migrant remittances.

Indicators in this category assess cities’ initiatives in terms of international student mobility, access to the labour market and decent working conditions for migrant workers. Aspects related to diaspora engagement and migrant remittances are also included in this domain.

Mobility dimensions of crises
Mobility dimensions of crises

This domain studies the type and level of preparedness of countries when they are faced with mobility dimensions of crises, linked to either disasters, the environment and/or conflict. The questions are used to identify the processes in place for nationals and non-nationals both during and after disasters, including whether humanitarian assistance is equally available to migrants as it is to citizens.

Indicators in this category examine the type and level of readiness of cities to deal with aspects of mobility crises. The questions focus on the processes in place for citizens and non-citizens both during and after disasters, especially if humanitarian assistance is available for migrants and citizens.

Safe, orderly and regular migration
Safe, orderly and regular migration

This domain analyses countries’ approach to migration management in terms of border control and enforcement policies, admission criteria for migrants, preparedness and resilience in the case of significant and unexpected migration flows, as well as the fight against trafficking in human beings and smuggling of migrants. It also assesses efforts and incentives to help integrate returning citizens.

Indicators in this category look at the cities’ approaches to migrant safety as well as return and reintegration policies and the fight against trafficking in persons.

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Key findings
Introduction

This country Profile describes examples of well-developed areas of the City of Harare (Zimbabwe) migration governance structures and areas with potential for further development, as evaluated through the six domains of the Migration Governance Indicators (MGI). These address migrants’ rights, a “whole-of-government” approach, partnerships, socioeconomic well-being of migrants, the mobility dimensions of crises, and safe and orderly migration.

Click the icons on the wheel to explore the key findings.

The Migration Governance Indicators (MGI) initiative is a policy-benchmarking programme led by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and implemented with research and analysis from the Economist Intelligence Unit. Funding is provided by IOM Member States.

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Key findings
Migrants' rights

Migration Governance: examples of well-developed areas

  • All health facilities in Harare are accessible to migrants under the same conditions as nationals, regardless of nationality.
  • Harare City Council runs three primary schools, where all residents, including migrants, have access education on an equal basis.

Areas with potential for further development

  • Migrants do not have access to social housing in Harare.
  • Harare does not have specific measures to combat hate crimes, violence, xenophobia or discrimination against migrants.
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Key findings
Whole of government approach

Migration Governance: examples of well-developed areas

  • Harare City Council (HCC) provides general information on access to municipal public services through its website and periodic newsletters in a language that most of the migrants in Zimbabwe understand.

Areas with potential for further development

  • There is limited involvement of agencies or departments at the local level in designing migration policies or strategic plans.
  • There is no migration policy or framework in place in Harare and neither does the City Stabilisation Plan nor its Strategic Plan (2021–2025) mention migrants in its provisions.
  • HCC does not collect or publish  any migration data.
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Key findings
Partnerships

Migration Governance: Areas with potential for further development

  • Harare City Council (HCC) does not engage with migrant representatives in the city to discuss migration-related issues.
  • The city of Harare has no cooperation agreement with any Zimbabwean city or town on international migration-related issues.
  • HCC does not formally engage with the private sector for the implementation of migration-related programmes and policies.
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Key findings
Well-being of migrants

Migration Governance: Areas with potential for further development

  • Harare City Council does not have any specific programmes in place to support foreign residents that are interested in becoming entrepreneurs.
  • Harare does not have a local-level assessment for monitoring the local labour market demand for and supply of migrants as well as the effects of emigration on the local labour market.
  • Harare has not established specific measures to promote gender equality for migrants in the labour force.
  • There no local programmes designed to facilitate financial inclusion and support financial literacy specifically for migrants and their families.
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Key findings
Mobility dimensions of crises

Migration Governance: examples of well-developed areas

  • Harare has designated local officials in communities to give early warnings and facilitate communication to all residents, including migrants.
  • Harare City Council (HCC) and the local offices of the Department of Social Development implement measures to protect children, unaccompanied minors and children left behind, including during disasters.

Areas with potential for further development

  • The draft Local Environmental Development Plan addresses environmental degradation and the adverse effects of climate change but does not specifically address migration issues.
  • HCC does not have measures for post-crisis recovery, nor are there measures that focus on reintegration.
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Key findings
Safe, orderly and regular migration

Migration Governance: examples of well-developed areas

  • All migrants have equal access to all protection and justice mechanisms as nationals in Harare.

Areas with potential for further development

  • There are no specific local-level processes in Harare to facilitate the arrival and settlement of refugees in the city.
  • Civil servants at the local level do not receive regular training on migration issues.
  • There are no specific local-level measures to combat migrant labour exploitation.

2022 March

Migration Governance Profile: City of Harare