The current conflict adds to an already precarious humanitarian situation for many people in Sudan. Due to the conflict, many people within the country are becoming newly internally displaced, others are crossing the border to neighbouring countries, including Sudanese refugees, returnees or third-country-nationals.
The current conflict adds to an already precarious humanitarian situation for many people in Sudan. It is predicted that 24.7 million people in Sudan - over half of the population - are currently in need of humanitarian assistance, as of May 2023 (Revised HRP, 2023). This presents an increase of 57 per cent from the previous estimates of 15.8 million in November 2022 (HNO, 2022).
Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) Target Increases by State (%), Nov 2022 (pre-conflict) vs. May 2023
Source: Revised HRP, 2023
The current crisis has triggered nearly 1.4 million mixed cross-border movements of people crossing from Sudan to neighbouring countries, including Sudanese refugees, third country nationals and returnees since 15 April (as of 13 Novemberr) (IOM, 2023a). Most cross-border movements were into Egypt (41%), Egypt (26%) and South Sudan (19%). The majority of migrant and refugee movements were Sudanese nationals (77%), while 30 per cent were estimated to be foreign nationals and returnees (ibid).
IOM Situation Report Timeline on Sudan
However, there are differences in cross-border movements by country (IOM, 2023b). As of 13 June, arrivals to Chad have been mainly Sudanese nationals (64%) and Chadian returnees (22%), cross-border movements to Ethiopia and South Sudan were mainly nationals from the respective countries. In Ethiopia, the majority of arrivals were Ethiopian returnees (60%), followed by third country nationals (19%), mainly from Eritrea (14.5%) and Türkiye (3%), and Sudanese refugees (19%). In South Sudan, the majority of arrivals were South Sudanese returnees (94%), while third-country nationals and Sudanese refugees accounted each for 3 per cent respectively.
Due to clashes in multiple cities across Sudan, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) estimates that as of 13 November, nearly 4.6 million persons have been newly internally displaced within Sudan since 15 April (IOM, 2023). The majority of IDPs reportedly displaced are from Khartoum state (68%), followed by South Darfur (15%), North Darfur (8%), Central Darfur (4%), West Darfur (4%) (ibid). Approximately 3 per cent of the total reported IDP caseload are estimated to be non-Sudanese nationals (ibid).
Displacement across Sudan and into neighbouring countries since 15 April 2023