The Local Migration Governance Indicators

A look into the way local authorities govern migration

In an effort  to support  the  formulation  of  well-managed  policies  and  foster  a dialogue between national and local level authorities, IOM adapted the Migration Governance Indicators (MGI) to the local level (the Local MGI). This tool offers local authorities an opportunity to have an introspective look at the policies, programmes and structures they have in place to manage migration.

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Migrant's Rights

Indicators in this domain look at:

  • Migrants’ access to basic social services and social security
  • Family reunification
  • Right to work
  • Long-term residency and path to citizenship
  • Civil participation
  • Signature and ratification of international conventions
  • Bilateral agreements

Indicators in this domain assess the extent to which migrants have the same status as citizens in terms of access to basic social services such as health, education, and social security. It also describes the rights of migrants to family reunification, to work, and to residency and citizenship. The ratification of the main international conventions is also included within this domain.

Whole of Government Approach

Indicators in this domain look at:

  • Institutional framework
  • Migration strategy
  • Legal framework
  • Institutional transparency and coherence
  • Migration data

Indicators in this domain assess countries’ institutional, legal, and regulatory frameworks related to migration policies. Domain 2 also reviews the existence of national migration strategies that are in-line with development, as well as institutional transparency and coherence in relation to migration management. This domain also investigates the extent to which governments collect and use migration data.


Indicators in this domain look at:

  • Regional cooperation
  • Global cooperation

This domain focuses on countries’ efforts to cooperate on migration-related issues with other states and with relevant non-governmental actors, including civil society organizations and the private sector. Cooperation can lead to improvements in governance by aligning and raising standards, increasing dialogue and providing structures to overcome challenges.

Mobility Dimensions


Indicators in this domain look at:

  • Crisis resilience and preparedness
  • Emergency response
  • Post-crisis actions
  • Inclusiveness of migrants

This domain studies the type and level of preparedness of countries when they are faced with mobility dimensions of crises, linked to either disasters, the environment and/or conflict. The questions are used to identify the processes in place for nationals and non-nationals both during and after disasters, including whether humanitarian assistance is equally available to migrants as it is to citizens.

Well-being of Migrants

Indicators in this domain look at:

  • Labour migration management
  • Skills and qualification recognition schemes
  • Student migration regulation
  • Bilateral labour agreements
  • Migrant remittances

This domain includes indicators on countries’ policies for managing the socioeconomic well-being of migrants, through aspects such as the recognition of migrants’ educational and professional qualifications, provisions regulating student migration and the existence of bilateral labour agreements between countries. Indicators equally focus on policies and strategies related to diaspora engagement and migrant remittances. 

Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration

Indicators in this domain look at:

  • Border control and enforcement
  • Admission and eligibility criteria
  • Return and reintegration policies
  • Measures to combat human trafficking and smuggling

This domain analyses countries’ approaches to migration management in terms of border control and enforcement policies, admission criteria for migrants, preparedness and resilience in the case of significant and unexpected migration flows, as well as the fight against trafficking in human beings and smuggling of migrants. It also assesses efforts and incentives to help integrate returning citizens.


Click on the wheel to learn more about the six dimensions of migration governance included in the MiGOF and MGI.

About the Local MGI


Local authorities are at the forefront of managing the benefits and challenges migration can bring.  To  do  so,  local  authorities constantly need to innovate and develop solutions that can have a positive  impact  at  the  local  and  national  levels. Piloted in 2018, the Local MGI has been rolled out with more than 50 local authorities around the world, many of which used the exercise to inform the development of policies and capacity-building activities.

Local MGI Coverage

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Governance Profiles

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Local MGI report
Perfil de Gobernanza de la Migración: Distrito de La Chorrera (República de Panamá)

Este perfil de gobernanza de la migracion presenta un resumen de las áreas bien desarrolladas y con potencial de desarrollo adicional de las estructuras de gobernanza de la migracion en el Distrito de La Chorrera (Provincia de Panamá Oeste, Panamá), según la evaluación realizada por los Indicadores de Gobernanza de la Migracion (IGM) a nivel local. Los IGM locales son un conjunto de aproximadamente 80 indicadores que ayudan a evaluar las políticas migratorias y contribuyen a la conversación sobre la gobernanza de la migracion definiendo lo que podría ser una “política migratoria bien gestionada”. 

Migration Governance Indicators Data and the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration: A Baseline Report

This document analyses global, regional and thematic trends that emerge from MGI data in relation to the general commitment and the range of associated actions for each of the 23 Global Compact for Migration objectives. Grounded on the mapping of MGI indicators against Global Compact objectives, data analysis is based on MGI data collected between 2016 and 2021 for 84 countries that voluntarily conducted an MGI assessment and for which data are readily available as of March 2022. The core of the document consists of 23 data bulletins displaying global and regional summary statistics of the answers to the MGI questions mapped against the respective Compact objectives.

Guidance Note
The Migration Governance Indicators (MGI): A key tool for the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly, and Regular Migration implementation

Created in 2016 by IOM, the Migration Governance Indicators (MGI) programme is a tool that supports governments in taking stock of the comprehensiveness of their migration policies, as well as in identifying gaps and areas that could be strengthened. The MGI framework is aligned with the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration as the indicators can be mapped out against all the 23 objectives of the Compact. This guidance note aims to illustrate the ways in which governments and other relevant stakeholders can use the MGI in the implementation, follow-up and review of progress towards the achievement of Global Compact objectives.

Latest Publications
LP - Publications

Historias de éxito sobre los Indicadores de Gobernanza de la Migración 2023

Este folleto es una recopilación de casos de éxito derivados del proceso de los Indicadores de Gobernanza de la Migración (IGM). Reflexionando sobre los logros del programa MGI en vísperas de su quinto aniversario, esta publicación incluye ejemplos de varios países que han utilizado los MGI como base para reforzar sus marcos migratorios mediante el desarrollo de nuevas políticas y leyes, y la formulación de planes de acción para alcanzar los objetivos esbozados en los compromisos mundiales (como el Pacto Mundial para una Migración Segura, Ordenada y Regular), entre otras actividades políticas. Ofrece una visión concisa de estas iniciativas, que puede servir de inspiración a otros gobiernos.


The Migration Governance Indicators Success Stories (2023)

Since 2016, IOM’s Migration Governance Indicators (MGI) have helped governments in over 100 countries and 70 cities to take stock of their migration policies and strategies to identify good practices and gaps. Featuring 24 countries and cities that have recently taken advantage of the MGI process, the second edition of the MGI Success Stories highlights how the MGI has been instrumental in strengthening migration frameworks through the development of new policies and laws, and action plans to achieve goals outlined in global commitments, such as the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration. This booklet offers concise insights that can inspire other governments to use the MGI to harness the power of migration.

MGI booklet 2023 screenshot
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