Gender shapes every stage of the migration experience. For Afghan women and girls, gender-based discrimination and violence as well as a disproportionate impact from the decades-long economic and political instability have been strong drivers of migration and displacement. For other gender groups, gender-based persecution influences their reasons to migrate.
This page was last updated on 1 March 2023.
Afghan migrants by sex, mid-2020
Globally, an estimated 5.85 million Afghans lived outside their home country as of mid-year 2020. Female migrants accounted for nearly 45 per cent of all Afghan migrants, and this share is lower than the global average of 48 per cent of female international migrants. Conversely, of all migrants residing in Afghanistan as of mid-year 2020, female migrants accounted for nearly 52 per cent (UN DESA, 2020).
Visit the Portal's interactive dashboard to learn more:
• Total number of international migrants
• Total number of international emigrants
• Share of female migrants in the international migrant stock
Disclaimer: This webpage curates public information and data. The opinions expressed in this webpage are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the International Organization for Migration (IOM), nor its Member States and other stakeholders. The designations employed and the presentation of material throughout the webpage do not imply expression of any opinion or endorsement whatsoever on the part of IOM, its Member States and other stakeholders concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning its frontiers or boundaries. While the portal section "Afghanistan: Migration statistics, policy and news" has been made possible with funding from the German Federal Foreign Office and the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (FDFA) Switzerland, the contents on this section do not necessarily reflect their official policy or position.